Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
cold
Kun:
さむ.い
On:
カン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
1456 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 寒 【カン】 midwinter, cold season, coldest days of the year
  • 寒気 【サムケ】 chill, the shivers, shivering fit, cold, coldness, cold air
  • 悪寒 【オカン】 chill, shakes, ague
  • 防寒 【ボウカン】 protection against cold

Kun reading compounds

  • 寒い 【さむい】 cold (e.g. weather), uninteresting (esp. joke), lame, dull, weak, corny

Readings

Japanese names:
さ、 さん
Chinese:
han2
Korean:
han

Spanish

  • frío
  • desolado

Portuguese

  • Frio

French

  • froid (temps)
175 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
263 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
245 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1195 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1322 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
831 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
159 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1714 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
457 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
464 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
120 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
490 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2894 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1490 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2011 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1540 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7239X Morohashi
2311 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1350 New Nelson (John Haig)
1526 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1645 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
393 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
740 2001 Kanji
3m9.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-9 SKIP code
3030.3 Four corner code
20-8 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bd2 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
line
Parts:
in, inside, middle, mean, center
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
11 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 中 【チュウ】 medium, average, middle, moderation, middle school, China, volume two (of three), during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while, in, out of, of the
  • 中尉 【チュウイ】 first lieutenant, lieutenant junior grade
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 訪中 【ホウチュウ】 visit to China

Kun reading compounds

  • 中 【なか】 inside, in, among, within, center (centre), middle, during, while
  • 中島 【なかじま】 island in a pond or river
  • 野中 【のなか】 in the middle of a field
  • そんな中 【そんななか】 wherein, therein, thereinto
  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while, among, amongst, between, we, our, my spouse, imperial palace grounds, emperor, I, me
  • 此の内 【このうち】 meanwhile, the other day, recently
  • 腹の中 【はらのなか】 in the belly, in one's heart of hearts
  • 当たる 【あたる】 to be hit, to strike, to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed, to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to, to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.), to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win, to be successful, to go well, to be a hit, to face, to confront, to lie (in the direction of), to undertake, to be assigned, to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted, to be called on (e.g. by a teacher), to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at, to be unnecessary, to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak, to feel a bite (in fishing), (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil, to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison), to shave, to be a relative of a person, to be a ... in relation to ..., to stand in a relationship

Readings

Japanese names:
あたる、 かなえ
Chinese:
zhong1, zhong4
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • centro
  • dentro
  • interior
  • medio

Portuguese

  • em
  • interior
  • médio
  • meio
  • centro

French

  • dans
  • dedans
  • à l'intérieur
  • milieu
  • centre
  • moyenne
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
26 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
55 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
13 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
81 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
31 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
7 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
75 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
28 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
28 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
16 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4262 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2150 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2902 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
39 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
73 Morohashi
3451 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
28 New Nelson (John Haig)
39 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
39 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
12 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
32 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1655 2001 Kanji
0a4.40 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
5000.6 Four corner code
35-70 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e2d Unicode hex code