Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess
Kun:
みや
On:
キュウグウクウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N1
367 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 宮 【キュウ】 palace, tonic (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale), ancient Chinese punishment (castration for men, or confinement for women), zodiacal sign
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 離宮 【リキュウ】 imperial villa, royal villa, detached palace
  • 巨蟹宮 【キョカイキュウ】 Cancer (4th zodiacal sign), the Crab
  • 宮司 【グウジ】 chief priest
  • 宮寺 【グウジ】 Buddhist temple within a Shinto shrine
  • 二宮 【ニグウ】 the Two Ise Shrines
  • 東宮 【トウグウ】 crown prince
  • 宮内庁 【クナイチョウ】 Imperial Household Agency
  • 宮内 【クナイ】 inside the Imperial Palace, Department of the Imperial Household
  • 月宮 【ゲッキュウ】 moon palace of the Hindu god Chandra
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period
  • 内宮 【ナイクウ】 Inner Ise Shrine
  • 外宮 【ゲクウ】 outer shrine of the Ise Grand Shrine

Kun reading compounds

  • 宮 【みや】 shrine, palace, imperial residence, Imperial prince, Imperial princess, headboard with built-in shelves, drawers, etc., temple
  • 宮家 【みやけ】 house of a prince of the blood
  • 若宮 【わかみや】 young imperial prince, child of the imperial family, shrine dedicated to a child of the god of the main shrine, newly built shrine (to which a divided tutelary deity has just been transferred)
  • 大宮 【おおみや】 imperial palace, shrine, Grand Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, woman of imperial lineage who has borne a child, elderly woman of imperial lineage

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐ、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gung

Spanish

  • príncipe
  • familia imperial
  • santuario

Portuguese

  • Templo Shinto
  • constelação
  • palácio
  • princesa

French

  • sanctuaire
  • constellations
  • palais
  • princesse
374 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
274 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
256 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
419 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1310 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
546 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1209 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1184 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
721 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
734 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
929 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
482 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2828 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1459 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1042 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7156 Morohashi
2274 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1336 New Nelson (John Haig)
1033 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1110 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
353 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.6 Four corner code
1-21-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bae Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
river 巛 (川, 巜)
Parts:
stream, river, river or three-stroke river radical (no. 47)
Kun:
かわ
On:
セン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
181 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 川柳 【センリュウ】 senryū, comic haiku, humorous seventeen-mora poem
  • 川きゅう 【センキュウ】 cnidium rhizome (Cnidium officinale)
  • 山川 【サンセン】 mountains and rivers
  • 四川 【シセン】 Sichuan (China), Szechuan, Szechwan

Kun reading compounds

  • 川 【かわ】 river, stream, River, the ... river
  • 川上 【かわかみ】 upper reaches of a river, upstream
  • 堀川 【ほりかわ】 canal
  • 山川 【さんせん】 mountains and rivers

Readings

Japanese names:
か、 こ、 さわ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chuan1
Korean:
cheon

Spanish

  • arroyo
  • río

Portuguese

  • corrente
  • rio

French

  • rivière
  • fleuve
  • radical rivière (no. 47)
39 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
59 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
48 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
111 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1447 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
41 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
49 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
20 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
33 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
101 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
548 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
6 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
129 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8673 Morohashi
6 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1526 New Nelson (John Haig)
127 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
134 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
196 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
21 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1254 2001 Kanji
0a3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-2 SKIP code
2200.0 Four corner code
1-32-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5ddd Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
enlightenment, perceive, discern, realize, understand
Kun:
さと.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1411 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 悟性 【ゴセイ】 wisdom, understanding
  • 悟達 【ゴタツ】 attaining enlightenment
  • 大悟 【タイゴ】 enlightenment, great wisdom
  • 穎悟 【エイゴ】 intelligent, shrewd

Kun reading compounds

  • 悟る 【さとる】 to perceive, to sense, to discern, to understand, to comprehend, to realize, to attain enlightenment

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wu4
Korean:
o

Spanish

  • percibir
  • discernir
  • percatarse
  • darse cuenta

Portuguese

  • Iluminação (budismo)
  • perceber
  • discernir
  • compreender
  • compreende

French

  • illumination
  • Eveil
  • percevoir
  • discerner
  • réaliser
  • comprendre
1239 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1479 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1700 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1104 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1297 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1053 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1438 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1528 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1454 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
816 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
502 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
312 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
379 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
629 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10680 Morohashi
419 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1870 New Nelson (John Haig)
622 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
669 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1335 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1177 2001 Kanji
4k7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
9106.1 Four corner code
1-24-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
609f Unicode hex code