Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Variants:
guard, protect, defend, obey
Kun:
まも.るまも.りもり-もりかみ
On:
シュ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
457 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 守備 【シュビ】 defense, defence
  • 守勢 【シュセイ】 (being on the) defensive
  • 好守 【コウシュ】 good fielding
  • 攻守 【コウシュ】 offense and defense, offence and defence, batting and fielding
  • 守護 【シュゴ】 protection, safeguard, shugo (Kamakura or Muromachi period military governor)
  • 居留守 【イルス】 pretending to be out
  • 神の留守 【カミノルス】 absence of the gods from their shrines in October (while they are visiting the Grand Shrine of Izumo)

Kun reading compounds

  • 守る 【まもる】 to protect, to guard, to defend, to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
  • 守り 【まもり】 protection, defense, defence, providence, amulet, charm, talisman
  • 守り神 【まもりがみ】 guardian deity
  • 島主 【とうしゅ】 island chief
  • 山守 【やまもり】 ranger (forest), mountain guardian
  • 守り 【もり】 babysitting, babysitter, protecting, keeping, keeper
  • 守り立てる 【もりたてる】 to support, to back up, to rally round, to revive (e.g. a company), to boost (e.g. morale), to bring up, to raise
  • 井守 【いもり】 newt (esp. the Japanese fire belly newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster)
  • 足無井守 【あしなしいもり】 caecilian (any burrowing legless amphibian of the order Gymnophiona)
  • 守 【かみ】 director (of the provincial governors under the ritsuryo system)
  • 肥後守 【ひごのかみ】 higonokami, type of folding knife with metal handle
  • 薩摩の守 【さつまのかみ】 traveling while deliberately not paying a fare (travelling)

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 し、 も、 て
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shou3
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • guardar proteger
  • defender
  • guardar
  • proteger

Portuguese

  • vigia
  • protege
  • defende
  • obedece

French

  • garder
  • protéger
  • défendre
  • obéir
  • respect (des règles)
421 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
316 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
300 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
564 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1282 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
352 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
460 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
284 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
490 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
499 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
537 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
466 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2697 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1375 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1861 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
189 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7071 Morohashi
2173 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1310 New Nelson (John Haig)
186 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
198 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
364 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
270 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
748 2001 Kanji
3m3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-3 SKIP code
3034.2 Four corner code
1-28-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b88 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:
old times, old things, old friend, former, ex-
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
549 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 旧 【キュウ】 old, former, ex-, the old, old things, old customs, old times, bygone days, Japan's old (lunisolar) calendar
  • 旧式 【キュウシキ】 old type, old style
  • 新旧 【シンキュウ】 new and old, incoming and outgoing
  • 懐旧 【カイキュウ】 reminiscence, nostalgia, thinking fondly of the past, recalling the old days

Kun reading compounds

  • 古い 【ふるい】 old, aged, ancient, antiquated, antique, timeworn, long, since long ago, time-honored, of the distant past, long-ago, stale, threadbare, hackneyed, corny, old-fashioned, outmoded, out-of-date
  • 元 【もと】 former, ex-, past, one-time, earlier times, the past, previous state, formerly, previously, originally, before

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jiu4
Korean:
gu

Spanish

  • antiguo
  • viejo
  • viejos tiempos

Portuguese

  • tempos antigos
  • coisas antigas
  • amigo velho
  • ex-
  • anteriores

French

  • ancien temps
  • anciennes choses
  • ancien ami
  • ancien -
  • ex-
759 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
677 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
648 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
808 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
94 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
760 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
595 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
119 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1216 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1279 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1376 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
964 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
14 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
35 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13737 Morohashi
14 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2412 New Nelson (John Haig)
35 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
35 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
649 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1278 2001 Kanji
4c1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-4 SKIP code
2600.0 Four corner code
1-21-76 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
65e7 Unicode hex code