Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
go slowly
Parts:
Variants:
summer
Kun:
なつ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
659 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 夏 【カ】 Xia dynasty (China, perhaps c. 2070-1600 BCE, perhaps mythological), Hsia dynasty
  • 夏季 【カキ】 summer season
  • 初夏 【ショカ】 early summer, fourth month of the lunar calendar
  • 盛夏 【セイカ】 midsummer, height of summer
  • 夏 【ゲ】 summer (on the lunisolar calendar: 16th day of the 4th month to the 15th day of the 7th month)
  • 夏至 【ゲシ】 summer solstice
  • 一夏 【イチゲ】 one summer (during which a monk attends a summer retreat)
  • 半夏 【ハンゲ】 crow dipper (Pinellia tuber), 11th day after the summer solstice, last seed-sowing and rice-planting day

Kun reading compounds

  • 夏 【なつ】 summer
  • 夏季 【かき】 summer season
  • 初夏 【しょか】 early summer, fourth month of the lunar calendar
  • 常夏 【とこなつ】 everlasting summer

Readings

Chinese:
xia4, jia3
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • verano

Portuguese

  • verão

French

  • été
52 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
88 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
82 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
580 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
58 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
163 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
148 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1161 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.10 Japanese for Busy People
461 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
469 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
97 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
402 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2619 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1339 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1815 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
302 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5720 Morohashi
2113 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1120 New Nelson (John Haig)
296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
317 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
188 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3167 2001 Kanji
4i7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-8 SKIP code
2-7-3 SKIP code
1024.7 Four corner code
1040.7 Four corner code
18-38 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
590f Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
moon, month
Parts:
Variants:
period, time, date, term
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
117 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 期 【キ】 period, time, age, term (e.g. in office), period, session (e.g. of parliament), stage (e.g. disease)
  • 期間 【キカン】 period, term, interval
  • 周期 【シュウキ】 cycle, period
  • 当期 【トウキ】 current term (period)
  • 期日 【キジツ】 fixed date, settlement date
  • 期す 【ゴス】 to expect, to hope for, to look forward to, to foresee, to anticipate, to resolve (to do), to decide upon, to prepare for, to promise, to pledge
  • 一期 【イチゴ】 one's life time, lifetime
  • 非業の最期 【ヒゴウノサイゴ】 unnatural death, violent death

Readings

Chinese:
ji1, qi1, qi2
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • período
  • plazo
  • intención
  • propósito

Portuguese

  • período
  • tempo
  • data
  • termo

French

  • période
  • temps
  • date
  • terme
183 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
269 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
251 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
119 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3785 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
619 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
614 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1671 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
449 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
456 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
690 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1008 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2139 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1120 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1520 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1781 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14378 Morohashi
1704 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4836 New Nelson (John Haig)
1765 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1902 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
247 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
394 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1946 2001 Kanji
4b8.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-4 SKIP code
4782.0 Four corner code
20-92 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
671f Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
rest, day off, retire, sleep
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
642 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 休刊 【キュウカン】 suspension of publication
  • 休暇 【キュウカ】 holiday, day off, furlough, absence (from work)
  • 帰休 【キキュウ】 leave, furlough, temporary layoff
  • 定休 【テイキュウ】 regular holiday, fixed day off, regular closing day

Kun reading compounds

  • 休む 【やすむ】 to be absent, to take a day off, to rest, to have a break, to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire, to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
  • 休まる 【やすまる】 to be rested, to feel at ease, to repose, to be relieved
  • 休める 【やすめる】 to rest, to suspend, to give relief

Readings

Chinese:
xiu1
Korean:
hyu

Spanish

  • descanso
  • descansar
  • tomarse un descanso
  • estar descansado
  • dar descanso

Portuguese

  • descanso
  • dia desligado
  • aposentar
  • sono

French

  • repos
  • jour de repos
  • se coucher
  • dormir
61 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
80 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
13 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
583 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
380 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
153 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
13 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
233 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.6 Japanese for Busy People
60 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
60 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
138 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
64 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
56 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
36 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
37 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
974 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
440 Morohashi
52 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
142 New Nelson (John Haig)
965 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1038 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
56 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2164 2001 Kanji
2a4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-4 SKIP code
2429.0 Four corner code
21-57 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f11 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
spare time, rest, leisure, time, leave of absence
Kun:
ひまいとま
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1386 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 暇人 【ヒマジン】 person with a lot of free time on their hands, person of leisure, idler, loafer
  • 寸暇 【スンカ】 moment's leisure, free minute
  • 請暇 【セイカ】 vacation request, request for leave of absence

Kun reading compounds

  • 暇 【ひま】 spare time, free time, leisure, time (e.g. time it takes to do something), time off, day off, vacation, holiday, leave, quitting (one's job), firing someone, divorcing (one's spouse), (being) inactive, (of one's business) slow, leaving, departing
  • 暇つぶし 【ひまつぶし】 waste of time, killing time
  • 暇暇 【ひまひま】 one's leisure hours
  • 暇 【ひま】 spare time, free time, leisure, time (e.g. time it takes to do something), time off, day off, vacation, holiday, leave, quitting (one's job), firing someone, divorcing (one's spouse), (being) inactive, (of one's business) slow, leaving, departing
  • 暇乞い 【いとまごい】 leave-taking, offering one's resignation, farewell visit

Readings

Chinese:
xia2, xia4
Korean:
ga

Spanish

  • tiempo libre
  • descanso
  • ocio
  • tiempo libre ocio
  • separación
  • adiós

Portuguese

  • tempo livre
  • descanso
  • lazer
  • tempo
  • ausência

French

  • temps libre
  • repos
  • loisirs
  • temps
  • congé
1050 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1547 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2152 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
891 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1410 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1064 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1110 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
622 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
993 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1275 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
691 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
923 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1900 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14036 Morohashi
1012 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2501 New Nelson (John Haig)
1882 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2027 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1632 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3867 2001 Kanji
4c9.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-9 SKIP code
6704.7 Four corner code
18-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6687 Unicode hex code