Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
surround, besiege, store, paling, enclosure, encircle, preserve, keep
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
771 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 囲碁 【イゴ】 go (board game)
  • 囲郭村 【イカクソン】 walled settlement, walled town
  • 解囲 【カイイ】 breaking the enemy siege
  • 外囲 【ガイイ】 periphery, surroundings

Kun reading compounds

  • 囲む 【かこむ】 to surround, to encircle, to enclose, to fence, to wall in, to besiege, to lay siege to, to play (go, shogi, etc.)
  • 囲う 【かこう】 to enclose, to surround, to encircle, to fence, to wall in, to shelter (e.g. a criminal), to shield, to hide, to protect, to keep (e.g. a mistress), to store (vegetables, fruit, etc.), to preserve, to protect
  • 囲い 【かこい】 enclosure, fence, wall, pen, paling, storage (of fruit, vegetables, etc.), partitioned area of a room for conducting tea ceremonies, mistress, castle, strong defensive position
  • 囲い女 【かこいおんな】 mistress

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wei2
Korean:
wi

Spanish

  • circunferencia
  • rodear
  • cercar

Portuguese

  • circundar
  • sitiar
  • loja
  • paliçada
  • cerca
  • preservar
  • guardar

French

  • entourer
  • assiéger
  • enceinte
  • palissade
  • encercler
  • réserve
  • garder
343 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
446 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
422 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
945 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1032 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
803 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
423 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
501A Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1194 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1257 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1062 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
340 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3807 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1949 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2643 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1825 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4722 Morohashi
3069 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
945 New Nelson (John Haig)
1807 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1948 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
474 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1955 2001 Kanji
3s4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-4 SKIP code
6055.0 Four corner code
1-16-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56f2 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
fire 火 (灬)
Parts:
Variants:
hearth, furnace, kiln, reactor
Kun:
いろり
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1359 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 炉 【ロ】 hearth, fireplace, furnace, kiln
  • 炉心 【ロシン】 nuclear reactor core
  • 原子炉 【ゲンシロ】 atomic reactor, nuclear reactor
  • 高炉 【コウロ】 blast furnace

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lu2
Korean:
ro

Spanish

  • chimenea
  • horno
  • fundición

Portuguese

  • lareira
  • forno
  • fornalha
  • reator

French

  • fournaise
  • foyer
  • four
  • réacteur
1934 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1414 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2750 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1726 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1511 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1790 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1926 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1802 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1266 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1079 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
583 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
772 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1089 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18902X Morohashi
869 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3403 New Nelson (John Haig)
1080 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1161 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1209 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1160 2001 Kanji
4d4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
1-1-7 SKIP code
9387.7 Four corner code
9382.7 Four corner code
1-47-7 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7089 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
clothes 衣 (衤)
Parts:
back, amidst, in, reverse, inside, palm, sole, rear, lining, wrong side
Kun:
うら
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
812 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 裏 【リ】 in (e.g. secret), with (e.g. success)
  • 裏面 【ウラメン】 back (side), reverse, other side, inside, background, dark side (e.g. of society), behind the scenes, beneath the surface
  • 内裏 【ダイリ】 imperial palace, festival dolls representing the emperor and the empress
  • 影裏 【エイリ】 shade

Kun reading compounds

  • 裏 【うら】 opposite side, bottom, other side, side hidden from view, undersurface, reverse side, rear, back, behind, lining, inside, in the shadows, behind the scenes, offstage, behind (someone's) back, more (to something than meets the eye), hidden side (e.g. of one's personality), unknown circumstances, different side, proof, opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.), contrary, inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.), bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
  • 裏方 【うらかた】 someone working behind-the-scenes, scene shifter, lady consort (to a high personage)
  • 舞台裏 【ぶたいうら】 offstage, backstage, behind the scenes
  • 口裏 【くちうら】 determining a speaker's true or hidden meaning, determining a speaker's intentions from his manner of speech, divining good or bad luck from listening to someone

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
li3
Korean:
ri

Spanish

  • reverso
  • opuesto
  • parte interior
  • en esa situación
  • interior

Portuguese

  • costas
  • no meio de
  • em
  • inverter
  • interior
  • palma
  • atrás
  • forro
  • lado errado

French

  • arrière
  • revers
  • verso
  • intérieur
  • semelle
  • paume
  • envers
  • doublure
  • mauvais côté
1002 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
992 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
755 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
327 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1076 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
883 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2176 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
273 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
273 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
436 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1627 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2652 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1354 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1836 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
406 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34294 Morohashi
2138 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5462 New Nelson (John Haig)
399 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
426 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
969 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
465 2001 Kanji
2j11.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-11 SKIP code
0073.2 Four corner code
1-46-2 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
88cf Unicode hex code