Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former, pre- (e.g. "premodern"), before, earlier
  • 前衛 【ゼンエイ】 advance guard, vanguard, avant-garde (e.g. music)
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field
  • 風前 【フウゼン】 where the wind blows

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour), in front (of), before (e.g. the house), head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part, in the presence of, helping, portion, privates, private parts
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 左前 【ひだりまえ】 wearing a kimono with the right side over the left (normally used only for the dead), going badly (one's business, one's fortune, the economy), being in a bad financial situation
  • 出前 【でまえ】 home delivery (of food), outside catering

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Chinese:
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
old
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
509 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 古今 【ココン】 ancient and modern times, all ages, past and present
  • 故郷 【フルサト】 home town, birthplace, native place, one's old home, ruins, historic remains
  • 蒙古 【モウコ】 Mongolia
  • 懐古 【カイコ】 recalling the old days, nostalgia, reminiscences

Kun reading compounds

  • 古い 【ふるい】 old, aged, ancient, antiquated, antique, timeworn, long, since long ago, time-honored, of the distant past, long-ago, stale, threadbare, hackneyed, corny, old-fashioned, outmoded, out-of-date
  • 古家 【ふるいえ】 old house, deserted house

Readings

Japanese names:
ふゆ
Chinese:
gu3
Korean:
go

Spanish

  • viejo
  • antiguo
  • desgastar

Portuguese

  • velho

French

  • vieux
70 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
121 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
109 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
373 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
770 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
93 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
32 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
154 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.5 Japanese for Busy People
172 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
172 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
86 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
278 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2495 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1262 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1728 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
16 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3233 Morohashi
2002 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
702 New Nelson (John Haig)
16 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
16 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
320 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
107 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1577 2001 Kanji
2k3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4060.0 Four corner code
24-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53e4 Unicode hex code