Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
winter
Kun:
ふゆ
On:
トウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
1090 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冬季 【トウキ】 (season of) winter
  • 冬期 【トウキ】 winter, wintertime, winter term
  • 越冬 【エットウ】 passing the winter, hibernation
  • 春夏秋冬 【シュンカシュウトウ】 spring, summer, autumn (fall) and winter, the four seasons

Kun reading compounds

  • 冬 【ふゆ】 winter
  • 冬場 【ふゆば】 the winter season
  • 初冬 【しょとう】 early winter, tenth month of the lunar calendar
  • 毎冬 【まいふゆ】 every winter

Readings

Chinese:
dong1
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • invierno

Portuguese

  • Inverno

French

  • hiver
120 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
199 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
182 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
903 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1161 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
165 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
125 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
161 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.8 Japanese for Busy People
459 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
467 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
99 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
399 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2679 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1365 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1851 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
434 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1610X Morohashi
2157 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
410 New Nelson (John Haig)
427 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
456 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
112 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2540 2001 Kanji
4i2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-2 SKIP code
4-5-1 SKIP code
2730.3 Four corner code
37-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51ac Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
insect
Parts:
Variants:
insect, bug, temper
Kun:
むし
On:
チュウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N2
1351 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 虫垂炎 【チュウスイエン】 appendicitis
  • 虫えい 【チュウエイ】 gall (abnormal plant growth formed by insects)
  • 幼虫 【ヨウチュウ】 larva, grub, maggot
  • 寄生虫 【キセイチュウ】 parasite
  • 虫部 【キブ】 insect radical, worm radical
  • 蟻巻 【アリマキ】 aphid, plant louse, plant lice

Kun reading compounds

  • 虫 【むし】 insect, bug, cricket, moth, worm
  • 虫歯 【むしば】 cavity, tooth decay, decayed tooth, dental caries
  • 苦虫 【にがむし】 bitter-tasting bug
  • 馬追虫 【うまおいむし】 Hexacentrus japonicus (species of katydid), Hexacentrus unicolor (species of katydid)

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
chong2, hui3
Korean:
hwe, chung

Spanish

  • insecto
  • bicho

Portuguese

  • inseto
  • bichinho
  • temperamento

French

  • insecte
  • vermine
  • ver
  • reptile
  • colère
114 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
74 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
56 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1073 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4115 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
133 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
875 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
324 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
873 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
893 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
466 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1604 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4343 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2199 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2959 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
523 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
32804 Morohashi
3530 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5275 New Nelson (John Haig)
517 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
556 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
60 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1671 2001 Kanji
6d0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-3 SKIP code
2-4-2 SKIP code
5013.6 Four corner code
35-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
866b Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
go slowly
Parts:
Variants:
summer
Kun:
なつ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
659 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 夏 【カ】 Xia dynasty (China, perhaps c. 2070-1600 BCE, perhaps mythological), Hsia dynasty
  • 夏季 【カキ】 summer season
  • 初夏 【ショカ】 early summer, fourth month of the lunar calendar
  • 盛夏 【セイカ】 midsummer, height of summer
  • 夏 【ゲ】 summer (on the lunisolar calendar: 16th day of the 4th month to the 15th day of the 7th month)
  • 夏至 【ゲシ】 summer solstice
  • 一夏 【イチゲ】 one summer (during which a monk attends a summer retreat)
  • 半夏 【ハンゲ】 crow dipper (Pinellia tuber), 11th day after the summer solstice, last seed-sowing and rice-planting day

Kun reading compounds

  • 夏 【なつ】 summer
  • 夏季 【かき】 summer season
  • 初夏 【しょか】 early summer, fourth month of the lunar calendar
  • 常夏 【とこなつ】 everlasting summer

Readings

Chinese:
xia4, jia3
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • verano

Portuguese

  • verão

French

  • été
52 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
88 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
82 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
580 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
58 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
163 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
148 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1161 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.10 Japanese for Busy People
461 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
469 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
97 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
402 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2619 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1339 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1815 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
302 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5720 Morohashi
2113 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1120 New Nelson (John Haig)
296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
317 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
188 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3167 2001 Kanji
4i7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-8 SKIP code
2-7-3 SKIP code
1024.7 Four corner code
1040.7 Four corner code
18-38 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
590f Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
grass, weeds, herbs, pasture, write, draft
Kun:
くさくさ--ぐさ
On:
ソウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N3
967 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 草 【ソウ】 draft, rough copy, cursive script, "grass" kanji
  • 草案 【ソウアン】 draft (for a speech, bill, etc.)
  • 除草 【ジョソウ】 weeding
  • 起草 【キソウ】 drafting (e.g. a bill), drawing up

Kun reading compounds

  • 草 【くさ】 grass, weed, herb, thatch, ninja, not genuine, substandard, laughter, LOL
  • 草刈り 【くさかり】 mowing, mower
  • 水草 【すいそう】 water plant
  • 若草 【わかくさ】 green grass, young (fresh) grass

Readings

Japanese names:
そ、 や
Chinese:
cao3
Korean:
cho

Spanish

  • hierba
  • planta

Portuguese

  • grama
  • erva daninha
  • ervas
  • pasto
  • escrever
  • esboçar

French

  • herbe
  • mauvaise herbe
  • plantes
  • pâturage
  • écrire
  • ébauche
106 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
57 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
162 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
705 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3939 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
118 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
865 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
934 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
249 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
249 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
567 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
652 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2813 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1450 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1953 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
229 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30945P Morohashi
2263 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5032 New Nelson (John Haig)
224 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
238 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
77 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1955 2001 Kanji
3k6.13 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
4440.6 Four corner code
33-80 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8349 Unicode hex code