Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
legs
Parts:
beginning, former time, origin
Kun:
もと
On:
ゲンガン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
192 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 元 【ゲン】 unknown (e.g. in an equation), element (of a set), yuan (monetary unit of China), New Taiwan dollar, Yuan dynasty (China, 1271-1368), Yüan dynasty, Mongol dynasty
  • 原価 【ゲンカ】 cost price
  • 中元 【チュウゲン】 15th day of the 7th lunar month, (last day of) Bon lantern festival, mid-year gift, summer gift, Bon Festival gifts
  • 抗原 【コウゲン】 antigen
  • 元日 【ガンジツ】 New Year's Day
  • 元凶 【ゲンキョウ】 ringleader, main culprit, main cause, source

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 元 【もと】 former, ex-, past, one-time, earlier times, the past, previous state, formerly, previously, originally, before
  • 家元 【いえもと】 head of a school (of music, dance), head family of a school
  • 胸元 【むなもと】 breast, chest, pit of the stomach, solar plexus, epigastrium

Readings

Japanese names:
ちか、 はじめ、 はる、 ゆき、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yuan2
Korean:
weon

Spanish

  • comienzo
  • principio
  • origen
  • jefe

Portuguese

  • começo
  • tempo anterior
  • origem

French

  • commencement
  • origine
  • ancien temps
68 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
117 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
106 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
328 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
275 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
106 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
121 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
60 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
137 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
137 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
245 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
141 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2428 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1226 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1690 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
59 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1340 Morohashi
1929 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
343 New Nelson (John Haig)
59 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
63 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
408 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
89 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3057 2001 Kanji
0a4.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-3 SKIP code
1021.1 Four corner code
1-24-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5143 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
door, house 戶 (户, 戸)
Parts:
re-, return, revert, resume, restore, go backwards
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
890 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 戻入 【レイニュウ】 reversal of monies, funds, commissions
  • 背戻 【ハイレイ】 disobeying, infringing, running counter to
  • 暴戻 【ボウレイ】 tyranny, atrocity, brutality

Kun reading compounds

  • 戻す 【もどす】 to put back, to return, to give back, to restore (to a previous state, e.g. defrosting, reconstituting, reconciling), to turn back (e.g. clock hand), to vomit, to throw up, to recover (of a market price)
  • 戻る 【もどる】 to turn back (e.g. half-way), to return, to go back, to recover (e.g. something lost), to be returned, to rebound, to spring back

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
li4
Korean:
ryeo, ryeol

Spanish

  • vuelta
  • regreso
  • devolución
  • volver
  • vomitar
  • regresar
  • devolver

Portuguese

  • re-
  • volta
  • reverter
  • recomeçar
  • restaurar
  • retornar

French

  • revenir
  • re-
  • reprendre
  • restaurer
  • rendre
  • revenir en arrière
1920 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
923 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1818 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1850 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
552 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1238 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1304 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1201 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
842 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2441 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1234 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1699 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1090 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11707X Morohashi
1942 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2051 New Nelson (John Haig)
1081 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1162 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1124 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3063 2001 Kanji
4m3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-6 SKIP code
3-4-3 SKIP code
3023.4 Four corner code
1-44-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
623b Unicode hex code