9 strokes
man, human 人 (亻)
protect, guarantee, keep, preserve, sustain, support
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
146 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 保育 【ホイク】 nurturing, rearing, childcare, day care, nursing, suckling
  • 保安 【ホアン】 peace preservation, security, safety
  • 留保 【リュウホ】 reserving, withholding
  • 生保 【セイホ】 life insurance, livelihood protection, public assistance, welfare
  • 保する 【ホスル】 to guarantee
  • 保安 【ホウアン】 Hōan era (1120.4.10-1124.4.3)
  • 永保 【エイホウ】 Eihō era (1081.2.10-1084.2.7), Eiho era
  • 太保 【タイホウ】 Grand Protector (lowest of the top three civil positions of the Zhou dynasty), Minister of the Right (official in Nara and Heian periods)

Kun reading compounds

  • 保つ 【たもつ】 to keep, to preserve, to hold, to retain, to maintain, to sustain, to last, to endure, to keep well (food), to wear well, to be durable


Japanese names:
う、 お、 ぶ、 もり、 やす、 やすし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • garantizar
  • mantener
  • preservar
  • proteger
  • apoyar


  • proteger garantia
  • guarda
  • preservar
  • sustentar
  • apoiar


  • protéger
  • garantir
  • garder
  • préserver
  • conserver
  • soutenir
716 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
808 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
787 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
166 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
455 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
351 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
319 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
781 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
489 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
498 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
665 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
102 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
107 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
72 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
77 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1006 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
702 Morohashi
96 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
222 New Nelson (John Haig)
997 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1072 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
163 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
705 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2164 2001 Kanji
2a7.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-7 SKIP code
2629.4 Four corner code
1-42-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4fdd Unicode hex code