10 strokes (also 9)
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
create, make, structure, physique
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
429 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 造成 【ゾウセイ】 development (of land), preparation (e.g. of ground for housing), reclamation, creation
  • 造花 【ゾウカ】 artificial flower, imitation flower, artificial flower making
  • 変造 【ヘンゾウ】 alteration, defacement, debasement, falsification, forgery
  • 捏造 【ネツゾウ】 fabrication, forgery, falsehood, hoax

Kun reading compounds

  • 作る 【つくる】 to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct, to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol), to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train, to till, to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write, to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose, to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found, to have (a child), to make up (one's face, etc.), to fabricate (an excuse, etc.), to give a (false) appearance, to feign (a smile, etc.), to put on a show of emotion, to form (a line, etc.), to set (a record), to commit (a sin, etc.)
  • 作り 【つくり】 making, producing, manufacturing, building, construction, make, structure, appearance (attire, make-up, etc.), build, physique, sashimi, forced (smile, etc.)
  • 作り上げる 【つくりあげる】 to build up, to complete, to construct, to create, to put together, to make up, to fabricate, to invent, to cook up
  • 塚造 【つかつくり】 megapode (any bird of family Megapodiidae, incl. brush turkeys and mallee fowl), mound builder


Japanese names:
ずくり、 づくり、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • edificio
  • crear
  • construir


  • criar
  • fazer
  • estrutura
  • psique


  • créer
  • fabriquer
  • structure
  • physique
  • maquillage
662 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
761 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
739 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
460 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4701 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
551 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
959 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1236 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
691 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
704 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
965 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
692 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3856 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1983 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2679 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
287 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38898P Morohashi
3110 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6061 New Nelson (John Haig)
281 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
299 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
441 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
717 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2477 2001 Kanji
2q7.11 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3430.6 Four corner code
1-34-04 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9020 Unicode hex code