Jisho

×

退

9 strokes (also 8)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
retreat, withdraw, retire, resign, repel, expel, reject
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
424 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 退院 【タイイン】 leaving hospital, discharge from hospital
  • 退屈 【タイクツ】 tedium, boredom, dullness, to feel bored, to get bored with, to get tired of
  • 引退 【インタイ】 retirement
  • 辞退 【ジタイ】 declining, refusal, nonacceptance, turning down, withdrawal (e.g. of candidacy), pulling out (e.g. of a race), excusing oneself

Kun reading compounds

  • 退く 【しりぞく】 to step back, to move back, to retreat, to withdraw (from the presence of a superior), to leave, to exit, to resign, to retire, to quit, to concede
  • 退ける 【しりぞける】 to repel, to drive away, to repulse, to reject
  • 退く 【ひく】 to move back, to draw back, to recede, to lessen, to subside, to ebb, to go down (e.g. of swelling), to resign, to retire, to quit
  • 退く 【どく】 to step aside, to move (i.e. out of the way), to make way, to resign, to retire, to quit, to secede
  • 退ける 【のける】 to put something out of the way, to move (something, someone) aside, to remove, to exclude, to take away, to set aside, to keep apart, to remove (someone) from the group, to shun, to do well despite difficulties, to accomplish despite adversity, to do resolutely, to do boldly
  • 退く 【どく】 to step aside, to move (i.e. out of the way), to make way, to resign, to retire, to quit, to secede

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tui4
Korean:
toe

Spanish

  • retroceder
  • retirarse
  • renunciar
  • dimitir
  • destruir
  • negar
  • rechazar
  • rehusar

Portuguese

  • retirada
  • sacar
  • retirar
  • pedir demissão
  • repelir
  • expelir
  • rejeitar

French

  • retraite
  • se retirer
  • démissionner
  • repousser
  • exclure
  • rejeter
839 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
769 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
746 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
613 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4684 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
459 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
954 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1236A Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
846 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
865 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
348 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
687 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3838 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1969 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2665 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1477 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38839P Morohashi
3094 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6040 New Nelson (John Haig)
1465 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1575 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
703 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3865 2001 Kanji
2q6.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-6 SKIP code
3730.3 Four corner code
1-34-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9000 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
rap 攴 (攵)
Parts:
scatter, disperse, spend, squander
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
758 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 散歩 【サンポ】 walk, stroll
  • 散布 【サンプ】 dissemination, scattering, sprinkling, spraying
  • 解散 【カイサン】 breaking up (a meeting, gathering, etc.), dispersal (e.g. of a crowd), dissolution (of a company, organization, etc.), winding-up, disbandment, split-up, dissolution (of the Diet, Parliament, etc.)
  • 拡散 【カクサン】 spreading, disseminating, scattering, diffusion (of light, gas)

Kun reading compounds

  • 散る 【ちる】 to fall (e.g. blossoms, leaves), to scatter, to be dispersed, to disappear, to dissolve, to break up, to spread, to run, to blur, to die a noble death
  • 散らす 【ちらす】 to scatter, to cause a shower of, to disperse, to distribute, to spread, to resolve (a symptom, condition, etc.), to relieve, to get rid of, to cure, to distract, to divert, to do ... wildly (i.e. disorderly or frequently), to do ... all over the place
  • 散らかす 【ちらかす】 to scatter around, to leave untidy, to make a mess
  • 散らかる 【ちらかる】 to be in disorder, to lie scattered around
  • 散らばる 【ちらばる】 to be scattered about, to disperse, to be littered (with)
  • 散 【ばら】 loose articles (not packaged with other things), bulk items, individual items, coins, small change
  • ばら撒く 【ばらまく】 to scatter, to disseminate (e.g. a rumor), to spread (e.g. germs), to broadcast, to distribute widely (e.g. leaflets), to hand out freely, to spend recklessly
  • 散ける 【ばらける】 to come apart, to unravel, to come loose, to become disarrayed (e.g. hair)

Readings

Japanese names:
ちる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
san4, san3
Korean:
san

Spanish

  • esparcir
  • dispersar
  • derramar
  • caer
  • esparcirse
  • estar desordenado

Portuguese

  • dispersar
  • espalhar
  • gastar
  • dissipar

French

  • disperser
  • éparpiller
  • dépenser
  • gaspiller
407 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
519 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
492 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
611 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2056 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
465 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
590 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1689 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
767 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
781 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
721 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
944 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2137 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1118 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1518 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1197 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13265 Morohashi
1702 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2352 New Nelson (John Haig)
1189 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1273 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
588 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1966 2001 Kanji
4i8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-4 SKIP code
4824.0 Four corner code
1-27-22 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6563 Unicode hex code