9 strokes (also 8)
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
retreat, withdraw, retire, resign, repel, expel, reject
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
424 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 退役 【タイエキ】 retiring from military service
  • 退院 【タイイン】 leaving hospital, discharge from hospital
  • 進退 【シンタイ】 advance or retreat, moving forwards or backwards, movement, course of action, behaviour, conduct, attitude, remaining in one's post or resigning, staying or leaving
  • 勇退 【ユウタイ】 retiring voluntarily, resigning one's post (to make way for others), stepping down, bowing out

Kun reading compounds

  • 退く 【しりぞく】 to step back, to move back, to retreat, to withdraw (from the presence of a superior), to leave, to exit, to resign, to retire, to quit, to concede
  • 退ける 【しりぞける】 to refuse, to reject, to turn down, to dismiss, to repel, to repulse, to drive away, to beat off, to defeat, to make (someone) leave, to send away, to turn away, to force (someone) to leave their post, to oust, to remove, to expel
  • 退く 【ひく】 to move back, to draw back, to recede, to fall back, to retreat, to lessen, to subside, to ebb, to go down (e.g. of swelling), to resign, to retire, to quit
  • 退く 【どく】 to step aside, to move (i.e. out of the way), to make way, to resign, to retire, to quit, to secede
  • 退ける 【のける】 to put something out of the way, to move (something, someone) aside, to remove, to exclude, to take away, to set aside, to keep apart, to remove (someone) from the group, to shun, to do well despite difficulties, to accomplish despite adversity, to do resolutely, to do boldly
  • 退く 【どく】 to step aside, to move (i.e. out of the way), to make way, to resign, to retire, to quit, to secede


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • retroceder
  • retirarse
  • renunciar
  • dimitir
  • destruir
  • negar
  • rechazar
  • rehusar


  • retirada
  • sacar
  • retirar
  • pedir demissão
  • repelir
  • expelir
  • rejeitar


  • retraite
  • se retirer
  • démissionner
  • repousser
  • exclure
  • rejeter
839 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
769 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
746 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
613 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4684 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
459 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
954 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1236A Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
846 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
865 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
348 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
687 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3838 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1969 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2665 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1477 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38839P Morohashi
3094 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6040 New Nelson (John Haig)
1465 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1575 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
703 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3865 2001 Kanji
2q6.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-6 SKIP code
3730.3 Four corner code
1-34-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9000 Unicode hex code