Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
clean, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu Dynasty
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1383 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 浄水器 【ジョウスイキ】 water filter, water purification system
  • 浄化槽 【ジョウカソウ】 water-purification tank, septic tank
  • 自浄 【ジジョウ】 self-purification, self-cleansing
  • 不浄 【フジョウ】 uncleanliness, dirtiness, impurity, filthiness, defilement, menses, feces (faeces), bathroom

Kun reading compounds

  • 清める 【きよめる】 to purify, to cleanse, to exorcise, to purge, to ward off
  • 清い 【きよい】 clear, pure, noble

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jing4
Korean:
jeong

Spanish

  • puro
  • inocente

Portuguese

  • limpar
  • purificar
  • limpeza
  • exorcisar
  • Disnastia Manchu

French

  • nettoyer
  • laver
  • purifier
  • dynastie Mandchoue
1417 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1559 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2548 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
976 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1472 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
823 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
664 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
675 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1495 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1187 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
457 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
282 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
342 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1163 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17451 Morohashi
382 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3128 New Nelson (John Haig)
1155 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1239 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1274 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
347 2001 Kanji
3a6.18 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
3715.7 Four corner code
1-30-84 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d44 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
soil, earth, ground, Turkey
Kun:
つち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
307 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 土 【ド】 Saturday, earth, dirt, soil, land, lands, ground, earth (third of the five elements)
  • 土曜日 【ドヨウビ】 Saturday
  • 愛蘭 【アイルランド】 Ireland (country), Éire, Ireland (island)
  • 浄土 【ジョウド】 pure land (esp. the Western Pure Land paradise of Amitabha), (Buddhist) paradise, Pure Land Buddhism
  • 土 【ト】 Turkey
  • 時計 【トケイ】 clock, watch, timepiece
  • 混凝土 【コンクリート】 concrete
  • 率土 【ソット】 face of the earth

Kun reading compounds

  • 土 【つち】 earth, soil, dirt, clay, mud, the earth (historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land, low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud), (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in Onmyōdō)
  • 土埃 【つちぼこり】 dust, cloud of dust
  • 盛り土 【もりど】 embankment (for road, railway, etc.), raising the ground level, fill
  • 赤土 【あかつち】 red clay, tuff loam, dark-red paint

Readings

Japanese names:
つく、 は、 ひじ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tu3
Korean:
to, du

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • Turquía

Portuguese

  • solo
  • terra
  • chão
  • Turquia

French

  • sol
  • terre
  • terrain
  • Turquie
17 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
19 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
60 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
316 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1050 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
19 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
37 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
42 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
24 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
24 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
22 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
347 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4211 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2127 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2875 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
152 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4867 Morohashi
3403 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
966 New Nelson (John Haig)
150 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
161 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
360 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
22 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1472 2001 Kanji
3b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
4010.0 Four corner code
1-37-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
571f Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
Variants:
true, reality, Buddhist sect
Kun:
ま-まこと
On:
シン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
279 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 真 【シン】 truth, reality, genuineness, seriousness, logical truth, printed style writing, star performer
  • 誠に 【マコトニ】 indeed, really, absolutely, truly, actually, very, quite
  • 組み写真 【クミシャシン】 composite or montage photograph
  • 迫真 【ハクシン】 realistic, true to life

Kun reading compounds

  • 真 【ま】 just, right, due (east), pure, genuine, true, truth
  • 愛 【まな】 beloved, dear
  • 秀真 【ほつま】 Hotsuma (script)
  • 誠に 【まことに】 indeed, really, absolutely, truly, actually, very, quite
  • 実しやか 【まことしやか】 plausible (but untrue), credible (e.g. of a lie), specious, truthy
  • 嘘から出たまこと 【うそからでたまこと】 something intended as a lie or joke which (by chance) ends up being true, lie turned truth

Readings

Japanese names:
さな、 さね、 ただ、 ただし、 なお、 のり、 まあ、 まこ、 まさ、 まっ、 まど、 まな、 まゆ、 みち、 も
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhen1
Korean:
jin

Spanish

  • verdad
  • realidad
  • puro
  • genuino
  • verdadero

Portuguese

  • verdadeiro
  • realidade
  • seita do Budismo

French

  • exact
  • vrai
  • réalité
  • secte bouddhiste
438 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
341 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
514 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
278 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
783 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
384 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
227 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1228 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
422 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
428 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
242 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1385 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2616 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1337 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1813 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
75 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23236 Morohashi
2111 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3926 New Nelson (John Haig)
75 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
79 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
195 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
358 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1561 2001 Kanji
2k8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-8 SKIP code
2-7-3 SKIP code
4080.1 Four corner code
1-31-31 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
771f Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
religion, sect, denomination, main point, origin, essence
Kun:
むね
On:
シュウソウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
997 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 宗 【シュウ】 sect, denomination, tenets (of a religious sect)
  • 宗教 【シュウキョウ】 religion, religious affiliation, belief, faith, creed, religious activity
  • 改宗 【カイシュウ】 religious conversion
  • 浄土真宗 【ジョウドシンシュウ】 Jōdo Shinshū (offshoot of the Jōdo sect), True Pure Land School
  • 宗 【ソウ】 origin, source, virtuous ancestor
  • 宗家 【ソウケ】 head of family, originator
  • 大宗 【タイソウ】 leading figure, foundation
  • 皇宗 【コウソウ】 imperial ancestors

Kun reading compounds

  • 旨 【むね】 principle, aim, main purpose, central part, pillar, purport, gist, drift, meaning, instructions, orders, intention, wishes
  • 正宗 【まさむね】 famous sword, sword blade by Masamune, sake, Japanese rice wine, brand of sake from Nada region during Tenpō era (1830-1844)

Readings

Japanese names:
かず、 し、 そ、 そお、 たか、 とし、 のり、 ひろ、 むな、 もと、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zong1
Korean:
jong

Spanish

  • enseñanzas religiosas
  • fundamento
  • origen

Portuguese

  • religião
  • seita
  • denominação
  • ponto principal
  • origem
  • essência

French

  • religion
  • secte
  • confession
  • point principal
  • origine
  • essence
805 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
899 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
889 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1023 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1294 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
248 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1206 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
679 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
616 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
626 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
816 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
471 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2769 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1419 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1915 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1109 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7106 Morohashi
2228 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1321 New Nelson (John Haig)
1100 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1181 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
865 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
741 2001 Kanji
3m5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
3090.1 Four corner code
1-29-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b97 Unicode hex code