Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
pine tree
Kun:
まつ
On:
ショウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
471 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 松竹梅 【ショウチクバイ】 pine, bamboo and plum (an auspicious grouping), high, middle and low (ranking), top, middle and bottom, upper, medium, lower, first, second and third (class)
  • 鰹 【カツオ】 skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), oceanic bonito, victorfish
  • 老松 【ロウショウ】 old pine tree
  • 翠松 【スイショウ】 verdant pine, green pine

Kun reading compounds

  • 松 【まつ】 pine tree (Pinus spp.), highest (of a three-tier ranking system)
  • 松下電工 【まつしたでんこう】 Matsushita Electric Works
  • 若松 【わかまつ】 young pine, New Year's symbolic pine decoration
  • 赤松 【あかまつ】 Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora), Japanese umbrella pine, tanyosho pine

Readings

Japanese names:
おお、 しょ、 ま、 まっ
Chinese:
song1
Korean:
song

Spanish

  • pino

Portuguese

  • pinheiro

French

  • pin
536 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
1394 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
215 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2212 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
884 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1419 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
869 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
696 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
709 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
970 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1075 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1075 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
769 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
793 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14516 Morohashi
864 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2592 New Nelson (John Haig)
785 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
848 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
483 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
508 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1871 2001 Kanji
4a4.16 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
4893.2 Four corner code
1-30-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
677e Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, discernment, insight, an eye (for), eyesight, vision, nth year in the Meiji era (1868.9.8-1912.7.30)
  • 明暗 【メイアン】 light and darkness, light and shade
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 英明 【エイメイ】 intelligent, wise, bright, brilliant, clear-sighted
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (July 4, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming dynasty (China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明り先 【あかりさき】 source of light
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 light, well-lit, well-lighted, bright (of a colour), brightly-coloured, brightly-colored, cheerful, bright, spirited, sunny (e.g. disposition), encouraging (for the future of a project, etc.), promising, of fair prospects, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), well versed (in), fair (e.g. politics), clean, impartial
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to grow light
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 clear, obvious, evident, plain, definite, bright, light
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • あくる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge, to disclose, to expose, to prove, to verify

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Chinese:
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
1-44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code