13 strokes
sun, day
darkness, disappear, shade, informal, grow dark, be blinded
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
1040 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 暗 【アン】 darkness
  • 暗雲 【アンウン】 dark clouds, threatening signs, ominous indications
  • 明暗 【メイアン】 light and darkness, light and shade
  • 冥暗 【メイアン】 gloom, shade

Kun reading compounds

  • 暗い 【くらい】 dark, gloomy, murky, depressed, dispirited, down in the dumps, dark (mood), dark (in colour), dull, ill-boding, dark (e.g. past), suspicious, unlikely (to succeed), hopeless, unpromising, unfamiliar (with), ignorant (of)
  • 暗い過去 【くらいかこ】 shadowy past, murky past
  • 眩む 【くらむ】 to be dazzled by, to be dizzied by, to be disoriented by, to be lost in (greed, lust, etc.), to become dark
  • 暮れる 【くれる】 to get dark, to grow dark, to end (of a day, year, season, etc.), to come to an end, to close, to be sunk in (e.g. despair), to be lost in (e.g. thought), to be overcome with


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • oscuro
  • poco claro
  • memorizar
  • sombrío


  • escuridão
  • desaparecer
  • sombra
  • informal
  • escurecer
  • cegar


  • obscurité
  • disparaître
  • ombre
  • informel
  • s'assombrir
  • être aveuglé
154 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
243 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
224 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1044 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2154 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
576 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
191 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1883 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
348 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
107 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
992 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1273 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
689 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
921 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
491 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14065 Morohashi
1010 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2503 New Nelson (John Haig)
480 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
519 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
415 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3878 2001 Kanji
4c9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-9 SKIP code
6006.1 Four corner code
1-16-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6697 Unicode hex code