16 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
feelings, heart, yearn, miss someone, become attached to, bosom, breast, pocket
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1493 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 懐中電灯 【カイチュウデントウ】 (electric) torch, flashlight
  • 懐柔 【カイジュウ】 winning over, placation, gentle persuasion
  • 述懐 【ジュッカイ】 speaking about (one's thoughts, memories, etc.), relating (one's feelings, reminiscences, etc.), recollection, reminiscence
  • 追懐 【ツイカイ】 recollection, remembrance, reminiscence

Kun reading compounds

  • 懐 【ふところ】 inside the breast of one's clothing (esp. kimono), bosom, (breast) pocket, space between one's chest and outstretched arms, (one's) reach, heart (e.g. of a mountain), bosom (e.g. of nature), depths, inner part, mind, heart, inner thoughts, money (one is carrying), purse, pocketbook
  • 懐が暖かい 【ふところがあったかい】 flush with money, having a full purse, having a full handbag
  • 苦しい懐 【くるしいふところ】 tight budget
  • 谷懐 【たにぶところ】 valley in a deep mountain
  • 懐かしい 【なつかしい】 dear (old), fondly-remembered, beloved, missed, nostalgic
  • 懐かしむ 【なつかしむ】 to yearn for (someone, something), to miss
  • 懐く 【なつく】 to become attached (to), to take (to), to become affectionate (with), to be tamed, to get close (e.g. to someone emotionally), to become intimate (with)
  • 懐ける 【なつける】 to win over, to win another's heart
  • 抱く 【いだく】 to hold in one's arms (e.g. a baby), to embrace, to hug, to have (a thought or feeling), to hold, to harbour (suspicion, doubt, etc.), to harbor, to bear (a grudge, ill will, etc.), to entertain (hope, illusions, etc.), to cherish (e.g. an ambition)
  • 思う 【おもう】 to think, to consider, to believe, to reckon, to think (of doing), to plan (to do), to judge, to assess, to regard, to imagine, to suppose, to dream, to expect, to look forward to, to feel, to be (in a state of mind), to desire, to want, to recall, to remember


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • añoranza
  • nostalgia
  • bolsillo propio
  • añorar
  • echar de menos
  • pensar


  • bolso
  • sentimentos
  • coração
  • saudades
  • sentir saudades
  • torna-se ligado a
  • seio
  • peitos


  • poche
  • bourse
  • sentiments
  • coeur
  • apprivoiser
  • nostalgie
  • aspirer à
  • s'attacher à
  • manquer (personne)
  • seins
1067 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1736 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1782 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1188 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1326 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2605 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1408 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1497 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1463 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
832 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
942 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
528 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
689 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
836 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11351 Morohashi
763 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2003 New Nelson (John Haig)
828 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
891 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1831 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1165 2001 Kanji
4k13.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-13 SKIP code
9403.2 Four corner code
1-18-91 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
61d0 Unicode hex code