Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
cold
Kun:
さむ.い
On:
カン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
1456 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 寒 【カン】 midwinter, cold season, coldest days of the year
  • 寒気 【サムケ】 chill, the shivers, shivering fit, cold, coldness, cold air
  • 悪寒 【オカン】 chill, shakes, ague
  • 防寒 【ボウカン】 protection against cold

Kun reading compounds

  • 寒い 【さむい】 cold (e.g. weather), uninteresting (esp. joke), lame, dull, weak, corny

Readings

Japanese names:
さ、 さん
Chinese:
han2
Korean:
han

Spanish

  • frío
  • desolado

Portuguese

  • Frio

French

  • froid (temps)
175 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
263 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
245 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1195 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1322 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
831 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
159 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1714 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
457 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
464 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
120 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
490 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2894 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1490 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2011 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1540 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7239X Morohashi
2311 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1350 New Nelson (John Haig)
1526 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1645 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
393 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
740 2001 Kanji
3m9.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-9 SKIP code
3030.3 Four corner code
20-8 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bd2 Unicode hex code

12 strokes (also 13)
Radical:
tree
Parts:
poles, settlement, conclusion, end, highest rank, electric poles, very, extremely, most, highly, 10**48
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
460 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 極 【キョク】 pole, climax, extreme, extremity, culmination, height, zenith, nadir
  • 極右 【キョクウ】 far right (in politics), extreme right, ultraconservative
  • 消極 【ショウキョク】 negative, conservative, depolarization
  • 対極 【タイキョク】 antipodes, other (opposite) extreme, opposite, antithesis
  • 極 【ゴク】 quite, very, 10^48, quindecillion
  • 極秘 【ゴクヒ】 absolute secrecy
  • 極極 【ゴクゴク】 extremely, highly
  • 失礼至極 【シツレイシゴク】 extremely rude, impertinent, impolite

Kun reading compounds

  • 極める 【きわめる】 to carry to extremes, to go to the end of something, to investigate thoroughly, to master
  • 極まる 【きわまる】 to reach an extreme, to reach a limit, to terminate, to come to an end, extremely, to be stuck, to be in a dilemma, to be at a loss, to be decided, to be settled
  • 極まり 【きわまり】 extremity, end, bound, limit
  • 極まりない 【きわまりない】 extremely, in the extreme, knows no bounds (e.g. rudeness), unparalleled, boundless (e.g. universe, ocean), limitless
  • 極み 【きわみ】 height, acme, extremity, peak, end, limit
  • 決める 【きめる】 to decide, to choose, to determine, to make up one's mind, to resolve, to set one's heart on, to settle, to arrange, to set, to appoint, to fix, to clinch (a victory), to decide (the outcome of a match), to persist in doing, to go through with, to always do, to have made a habit of, to take for granted, to assume, to dress up, to dress to kill, to dress to the nines, to carry out successfully (a move in sports, a pose in dance, etc.), to succeed in doing, to immobilize with a double-arm lock (in sumo, judo, etc.), to eat or drink something, to take illegal drugs
  • 決まる 【きまる】 to be decided, to be settled, to look good in (clothes)

Readings

Chinese:
ji2
Korean:
geug

Spanish

  • polo terrestre o magnético
  • muy
  • sumamente
  • extremadamente
  • alcanzar un extremo

Portuguese

  • postes
  • acordo
  • conclusão
  • fim
  • a mais alta posição
  • postes elétricos
  • muitos
  • extremamente
  • maior
  • altamente
  • 10 elevado a48

French

  • extrêmes
  • pôles (N et S)
  • décision
  • conclusion
  • fin
  • plus haut rang
  • pôles électriques
  • très
  • extrêmement
  • le plus
  • hautement
  • 10**48
382 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
488 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
464 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
652 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2305 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
597 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
639 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1896 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
336 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
336 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
679 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1100 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1243 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
695 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
900 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1922 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15181 Morohashi
1017 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2753 New Nelson (John Haig)
1903 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2052 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
311 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
584 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1872 2001 Kanji
4a8.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-8 SKIP code
4191.4 Four corner code
22-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6975 Unicode hex code