Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess
Kun:
みや
On:
キュウグウクウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N1
367 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 宮 【キュウ】 palace, tonic (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale), ancient Chinese punishment (castration for men, or confinement for women), zodiacal sign
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 離宮 【リキュウ】 imperial villa, royal villa, detached palace
  • 巨蟹宮 【キョカイキュウ】 Cancer (4th zodiacal sign), the Crab
  • 宮司 【グウジ】 chief priest
  • 宮寺 【グウジ】 Buddhist temple within a Shinto shrine
  • 二宮 【ニグウ】 the Two Ise Shrines
  • 東宮 【トウグウ】 crown prince
  • 宮内庁 【クナイチョウ】 Imperial Household Agency
  • 宮内 【クナイ】 inside the Imperial Palace, Department of the Imperial Household
  • 月宮 【ゲッキュウ】 moon palace of the Hindu god Chandra
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period
  • 内宮 【ナイクウ】 Inner Ise Shrine
  • 外宮 【ゲクウ】 outer shrine of the Ise Grand Shrine

Kun reading compounds

  • 宮 【みや】 shrine, palace, imperial residence, Imperial prince, Imperial princess, headboard with built-in shelves, drawers, etc., temple
  • 宮家 【みやけ】 house of a prince of the blood
  • 若宮 【わかみや】 young imperial prince, child of the imperial family, shrine dedicated to a child of the god of the main shrine, newly built shrine (to which a divided tutelary deity has just been transferred)
  • 大宮 【おおみや】 imperial palace, shrine, Grand Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, woman of imperial lineage who has borne a child, elderly woman of imperial lineage

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐ、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gung

Spanish

  • príncipe
  • familia imperial
  • santuario

Portuguese

  • Templo Shinto
  • constelação
  • palácio
  • princesa

French

  • sanctuaire
  • constellations
  • palais
  • princesse
374 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
274 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
256 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
419 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1310 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
546 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1209 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1184 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
721 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
734 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
929 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
482 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2828 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1459 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1042 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7156 Morohashi
2274 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1336 New Nelson (John Haig)
1033 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1110 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
353 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.6 Four corner code
1-21-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bae Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
castle
Kun:
しろ
On:
ジョウセイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
795 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 城 【ジョウ】 castle (in place names), castle, fortress
  • 城内 【ジョウナイ】 inside of a castle, area surrounded by castle walls
  • 荒城 【コウジョウ】 ruined castle
  • 開城 【カイジョウ】 capitulation (of fort)
  • 傾城 【ケイセイ】 beauty, siren, courtesan, prostitute
  • 傾国傾城 【ケイコクケイセイ】 woman so glamorous as to bring ruin to a country (castle) as its king (lord) is captivated by her beauty, femme fatale

Kun reading compounds

  • 城 【しろ】 castle
  • 城跡 【しろあと】 castle site, ruins of a castle
  • 山城 【やましろ】 Yamashiro (former province located in the south of present-day Kyoto Prefecture)

Readings

Japanese names:
いく、 がき、 き、 くに、 ぐしく、 ぐすく、 しき、 すく、 ぜい、 たち、 なり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
cheng2
Korean:
seong

Spanish

  • castillo

Portuguese

  • Castelo

French

  • château
914 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
903 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
638 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1078 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
886 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
433 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
796 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
720 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
733 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
942 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
374 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
417 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
261 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
312 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
368 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5086P Morohashi
352 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1011 New Nelson (John Haig)
362 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
387 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
884 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1459 2001 Kanji
3b6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
4315.0 Four corner code
1-30-75 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
57ce Unicode hex code

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 聡明 【ソウメイ】 wise, sagacious, intelligent, sensible

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 さとし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
cong1
Korean:
chong

Spanish

Portuguese

French

1798 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
29154 Morohashi
1420 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4735 New Nelson (John Haig)
6e8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-11 SKIP code
1613.0 Four corner code
1-70-66 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8070 Unicode hex code