Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 根の堅州国 【ねのかたすくに】 underworld, netherworld

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Chinese:
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
boundary, border, region
Kun:
さかい
On:
キョウケイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
346 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 境 【サカイ】 border, boundary, turning point, watershed, area, region, spot, space, environment, psychological state, mental state, cognitive object, something perceptible by the sense organs or mind
  • 境界 【キョウカイ】 boundary, border, limit, bounds, frontier
  • 越境 【エッキョウ】 border transgression
  • 推奨環境 【スイショウカンキョウ】 system requirements (i.e. recommended hardware and software to run a package)
  • 境内 【ケイダイ】 grounds (esp. of shrines and temples), compound, churchyard, precincts
  • 境界 【ケイカイ】 land boundary, border (between properties)

Kun reading compounds

  • 境 【さかい】 border, boundary, turning point, watershed, area, region, spot, space, environment, psychological state, mental state, cognitive object, something perceptible by the sense organs or mind
  • 境目 【さかいめ】 borderline, boundary
  • 生死の境 【せいしのさかい】 between life and death

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 じき
Chinese:
jing4
Korean:
gyeong

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • región
  • circunstancia
  • borde

Portuguese

  • limite
  • borda
  • região

French

  • frontière
  • région
  • environnement
761 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
680 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
651 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
792 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1135 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
751 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
440 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2076 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
864 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
883 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1036 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
387 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
835 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
482 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
618 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
495 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5409 Morohashi
676 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1085 New Nelson (John Haig)
484 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
523 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
787 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1457 2001 Kanji
3b11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
4011.6 Four corner code
1-22-13 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5883 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
encroach, invade, raid, trespass, violate
Kun:
おか.す
On:
シン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1025 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 侵攻 【シンコウ】 invasion
  • 侵害 【シンガイ】 infringement, violation, invasion, encroachment, trespass
  • 不可侵 【フカシン】 inviolability, nonaggression, sacredness

Kun reading compounds

  • 侵す 【おかす】 to invade, to raid, to violate (airspace, etc.), to intrude, to trespass, to infringe, to encroach, to harm, to afflict, to affect

Readings

Chinese:
qin1
Korean:
chim

Spanish

  • invadir
  • asaltar
  • violar
  • traspasar

Portuguese

  • usurpar
  • invadir
  • raid
  • transgredir
  • violar

French

  • intrusion
  • invasion
  • empiéter
  • raid
  • entrer sans permission
  • violer (lieu)
1433 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1046 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
452 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1046 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1048 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1077 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1125 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1244 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
98 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
116 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
76 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
85 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1156 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
646X Morohashi
101 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
218 New Nelson (John Haig)
1148 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1231 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1229 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2167 2001 Kanji
2a7.15 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-7 SKIP code
2724.7 Four corner code
1-31-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4fb5 Unicode hex code