Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
frozen, congeal, refrigerate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1284 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 凍結 【トウケツ】 freezing (e.g. water), freezing (prices, wages, assets, etc.), moratorium, suspension (e.g. investment)
  • 凍死 【トウシ】 death from cold, freezing to death
  • 解凍 【カイトウ】 thaw, defrosting, decompression (e.g. of a file), unpacking, extracting, unzipping
  • 自動解凍 【ジドウカイトウ】 self-extracting (file)

Kun reading compounds

  • 凍る 【こおる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
  • 凍える 【こごえる】 to freeze (of one's body), to be frozen, to become numb (with cold), to be chilled
  • 凍てる 【いてる】 to freeze, to freeze over
  • 凍みる 【しみる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal

Readings

Japanese names:
こおり
Chinese:
dong4
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • helado
  • congelado
  • helar
  • congelarse
  • helarse
  • entumecerse

Portuguese

  • congelado
  • congelar
  • refrigerar

French

  • gelé
  • congeler
  • réfrigérer
1644 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1274 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
649 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1435 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
349 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1205 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1268 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1094 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
168 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
146 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
97 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
111 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
518 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1670 Morohashi
129 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
427 New Nelson (John Haig)
506 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
545 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1309 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
2b8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-8 SKIP code
3519.6 Four corner code
37-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51cd Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
cold
Kun:
さむ.い
On:
カン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
1456 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 寒 【カン】 midwinter, cold season, coldest days of the year
  • 寒気 【サムケ】 chill, the shivers, shivering fit, cold, coldness, cold air
  • 悪寒 【オカン】 chill, shakes, ague
  • 防寒 【ボウカン】 protection against cold

Kun reading compounds

  • 寒い 【さむい】 cold (e.g. weather), uninteresting (esp. joke), lame, dull, weak, corny

Readings

Japanese names:
さ、 さん
Chinese:
han2
Korean:
han

Spanish

  • frío
  • desolado

Portuguese

  • Frio

French

  • froid (temps)
175 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
263 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
245 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1195 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1322 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
831 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
159 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1714 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
457 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
464 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
120 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
490 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2894 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1490 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2011 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1540 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7239X Morohashi
2311 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1350 New Nelson (John Haig)
1526 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1645 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
393 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
740 2001 Kanji
3m9.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-9 SKIP code
3030.3 Four corner code
20-8 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bd2 Unicode hex code