7 strokes
man, human 人 (亻)
expand, stretch, extend, lengthen, increase
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
730 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 伸長 【シンチョウ】 expansion, extension, elongation, stretching
  • 伸縮 【シンシュク】 expansion and contraction, elasticity, flexibility
  • 続伸 【ゾクシン】 continuous rise (in market price)
  • 急伸 【キュウシン】 sudden rise (esp. of stock prices), jump

Kun reading compounds

  • 伸びる 【のびる】 to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to grow (of hair, height, grass, etc.), to straighten out, to be flattened, to become smooth, to spread (of paint, cream, etc.), to stretch out (e.g. of a hand), to extend, to lose elasticity, to become slack, to become soggy (e.g. noodles), to make progress, to develop, to expand, to increase, to improve, to be exhausted, to be groggy, to pass out, to collapse, to be prolonged (meeting, life span, etc.), to be extended (e.g. deadline), to lengthen (e.g. of the days), to be postponed, to be delayed, to be put off
  • 伸ばす 【のばす】 to grow long (e.g. hair, nails), to lengthen, to extend, to stretch, to reach out, to hold out, to straighten, to smooth out, to spread evenly (dough, cream, etc.), to dilute, to thin out, to postpone, to prolong, to strengthen, to develop, to expand
  • 延べる 【のべる】 to lay out (a futon), to make (bed), to spread out, to stretch, to widen, to postpone, to extend
  • 伸す 【のす】 to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to spread, to gain influence, to become stronger, to increase (e.g. in scope), to go further, to extend one's journey, to smooth out, to roll out, to spread out (something folded), to iron out (creases), to knock out, to knock down


Japanese names:
のぶ、 よぼる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • prolongar
  • expandir
  • estirar
  • extender
  • alargar
  • prolongarse
  • estirarse


  • expandir
  • esticar
  • extender
  • alongar
  • aumentar


  • allonger
  • étirer
  • accroître
  • étendre
  • augmenter
1431 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
741 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
403 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1528 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
309 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
353 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1108 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1160 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1246 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
79 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
79 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
51 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
54 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1127 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
481 Morohashi
70 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
163 New Nelson (John Haig)
1118 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1199 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1095 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2155 2001 Kanji
2a5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
2520.6 Four corner code
1-31-13 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f38 Unicode hex code