Jisho

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Noun
1. townspeople; townsfolk; commoner; civilian; merchant; tradesman; tradeswoman; tradespeople; artisan; members of the lowest Edo-period social class (comprising commoners not involved in farming)
Wikipedia definition
2. Chōninwas a social class that emerged in Japan during the early years of the Tokugawa period. The majority of chōnin were merchants, but some were craftsmen, as well. Nōmin were not considered chōnin. The socioeconomic ascendance of chōnin has certain similarities to the roughly contemporary rise of the middle class in the West.
Read “Chōnin” on English Wikipedia
Read “町人” on Japanese Wikipedia
Read “Chōnin” on DBpedia
Other forms
町人 【まちにん】
Notes
まちにん: Out-dated or obsolete kana usage.

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