9 strokes
eat, food 食 (飠)
eat, food
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
328 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 食 【ショク】 food, foodstuff, eating, appetite, meal, portion
  • 食 【ショク】 eclipse (solar, lunar, etc.), occultation
  • 飽食 【ホウショク】 eating until one is full, eating one's fill, gorging (on), satiation, having adequate food, having all one needs (for daily living), plenty
  • 会食 【カイショク】 eating together, dining together, having a meal together
  • 食 【ショク】 food, foodstuff, eating, appetite, meal, portion
  • 食堂 【ジキドウ】 dining hall (at a temple)
  • 断食 【ダンジキ】 fasting, fast
  • 斎食 【サイジキ】 morning meal (for priests, monks, etc.), food offering at a Buddhist ceremony

Kun reading compounds

  • 食う 【くう】 to eat, to live, to make a living, to survive, to bite, to sting (as insects do), to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of, to encroach on, to eat into, to consume, to defeat a superior, to threaten a position, to consume time and-or resources, to receive something (usu. an unfavourable event), to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
  • 食うや食わず 【くうやくわず】 (living) from hand to mouth, living on the fringe of subsistence
  • 食らう 【くらう】 to eat, to drink, to wolf, to knock back, to receive (e.g. a blow), to be on the receiving end (of something undesirable), to undergo (trouble)
  • 食べる 【たべる】 to eat, to live on (e.g. a salary), to live off, to subsist on
  • 食べるラー油 【たべるラーゆ】 chili oil mixed with chopped garlic, onions, etc.
  • 食む 【はむ】 to eat (fodder, grass, etc.), to receive (a salary), to receive a stipend from one's lord


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi2, si4
sig, sa


  • alimento
  • comida
  • eclipse
  • comer


  • comer
  • comida
  • alimento


  • manger
  • nourriture
253 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
146 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
269 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5154 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
283 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
99 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1159 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
322 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
322 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
131 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1900 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2578 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1316 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1787 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1484 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44014 Morohashi
2075 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6674 New Nelson (John Haig)
1472 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1582 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
207 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
180 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2865 2001 Kanji
8b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
8073.2 Four corner code
1-31-09 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
98df Unicode hex code