9 strokes
defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
443 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 負 【フ】 negative, minus
  • 負荷 【フカ】 burden, load (electrical, CPU, etc.)
  • 正負 【セイフ】 positive and negative, +-, plus and minus
  • 非負 【ヒフ】 non-negative

Kun reading compounds

  • 負ける 【まける】 to lose, to be defeated, to succumb, to give in, to surrender, to yield, to be inferior to, to break out in a rash due to (e.g. lacquer, shaving, etc.), to reduce the price, to give a discount, to throw in (something extra) for free
  • 負けるが勝ち 【まけるがかち】 he that fights and runs away may live to fight another day, sometimes you have to lose to win, losing is winning
  • 負かす 【まかす】 to defeat
  • 負う 【おう】 to carry on one's back, to bear, to shoulder, to take (responsibility), to assume, to accept, to bear (the blame, costs, etc.), to have (a duty, obligation, etc.), to become responsible for, to be burdened with (work, debt, etc.), to suffer (an injury), to sustain (a wound), to receive, to incur (a loss, damage, etc.), to owe (a debt of gratitude to), to be indebted to, to have (something) behind one, to be backed by
  • 負うた子に教えられて浅瀬を渡る 【おうたこにおしえられてあさせをわたる】 some things can be learned from the young, a fool may give a wise man counsel, to be led across the shallows by the child on one's shoulders


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • llevar
  • tomar a su cargo
  • deber
  • ser derrotado
  • llevarse la victoria


  • derrotar
  • negativa
  • menos
  • carregar
  • dever a
  • assumir uma responsabilidade


  • défaite
  • perdre
  • moins
  • négatif
  • assumer
  • porter sur le dos
  • devoir à quelqu'un
  • faire un rabais
312 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
406 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
383 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
473 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4488 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
503 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
918 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
981 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
510 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
519 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
717 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1722 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2594 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1327 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1799 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
63 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36660X Morohashi
2091 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5769 New Nelson (John Haig)
63 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
67 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
346 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2561 2001 Kanji
2n7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2-7-2 SKIP code
2780.6 Four corner code
1-41-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ca0 Unicode hex code