Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
vegetable, side dish, greens
Kun:
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1327 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 菜 【サイ】 side dish
  • 菜園 【サイエン】 vegetable garden
  • 山菜 【サンサイ】 edible wild plants
  • 前菜 【ゼンサイ】 hors d'oeuvre, appetizer, appetiser, starter

Kun reading compounds

  • 菜 【な】 greens, vegetables, rape (Brassica napus), rapeseed
  • 菜種 【なたね】 rapeseed, coleseed
  • 若菜 【わかな】 young greens, young herbs
  • うまい菜 【うまいな】 Swiss chard

Readings

Japanese names:
よう
Chinese:
cai4
Korean:
chae

Spanish

  • verduras
  • entremeses
  • vegetales

Portuguese

  • legume
  • salada
  • verduras

French

  • légume
  • accompagnement (du riz)
401 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
509 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
483 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1108 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3982 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
870 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
246 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1447 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
931 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
958 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
774 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
660 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2880 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1486 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2004 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
742 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31184P Morohashi
2305 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5097 New Nelson (John Haig)
734 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
566 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1964 2001 Kanji
3k8.25 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-8 SKIP code
4490.4 Four corner code
26-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83dc Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
eat, food 食 (飠)
Parts:
meal, boiled rice
Kun:
めし
On:
ハン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N4
1046 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 飯店 【ハンテン】 Chinese restaurant
  • 飯切 【ハンギリ】 flat-bottomed wooden bowl for preparing sushi rice
  • 米飯 【ベイハン】 cooked rice
  • 赤飯 【セキハン】 red rice (beans and mochi) for auspicious occasions

Kun reading compounds

  • 飯 【めし】 cooked rice, meal, food, one's livelihood
  • 飯売女 【めしうりおんな】 maid at an inn who served clients and worked as a prostitute (Edo period)
  • 握り飯 【にぎりめし】 rice ball
  • 冷や飯 【ひやめし】 cold rice, hanger-on, dependent, disgraced former actor

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 いい、 いり、 え
Chinese:
fan4
Korean:
ban

Spanish

  • comida
  • arroz cocido

Portuguese

  • refeição
  • arroz cozido

French

  • repas
  • riz bouilli
696 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
594 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
565 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1083 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5158 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
768 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
279 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1964 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.12 Japanese for Busy People
325 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
325 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
604 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1904 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2126 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1110 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1509 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1485 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44064P Morohashi
1691 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6679 New Nelson (John Haig)
1473 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1583 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
597 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2867 2001 Kanji
8b4.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-4 SKIP code
8174.7 Four corner code
40-51 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
98ef Unicode hex code