9 strokes
grass 艸 (艹)
laid waste, rough, rude, wild
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1099 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 荒廃 【コウハイ】 ruin, destruction, devastation, waste, decay
  • 荒野 【コウヤ】 wasteland, wilderness, deserted land, prairie, vast plain, wilds, desert, wild land
  • 破天荒 【ハテンコウ】 unheard-of, unprecedented
  • 救荒 【キュウコウ】 famine relief

Kun reading compounds

  • 荒い 【あらい】 rough, wild, violent, rude, coarse, harsh, fierce, heavy (e.g. breathing), immoderate, extravagant, reckless
  • 荒石 【あらいし】 unprocessed stone, rubble
  • 荒れる 【あれる】 to be stormy, to be rough, to be rough (of skin), to be chapped, to be ruined, to fall into ruin, to be in a bad temper, to lose one's temper
  • 荒らす 【あらす】 to lay waste, to devastate, to damage, to invade, to break into, to troll (e.g. web forums), to spam
  • 粗筋 【あらすじ】 outline, summary, argument
  • 荒む 【すさむ】 to grow wild, to run to waste, to become degenerate, to become rough (of art, craft, etc.), to lose refinement, to deteriorate (of skill), to intensify (of wind, rain, etc.), to become more severe


Japanese names:


  • áspero
  • tosco
  • rudo
  • salvaje
  • violento
  • desolarse
  • enfurecerse


  • Abandonado no mato
  • selvagem
  • rude


  • brutalité
  • dévaster
  • rude
  • sauvage
1253 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
901 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3941 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1028 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
866 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
935 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1377 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1464 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1666 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
651 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2810 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1447 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1950 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
499 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30953P Morohashi
2260 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5034 New Nelson (John Haig)
488 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
527 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1291 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1957 2001 Kanji
3k6.18 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
4421.1 Four corner code
1-25-51 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8352 Unicode hex code