Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
self
Parts:
oneself
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
19 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 自 【ジ】 self-, from ..., this ... (in contrast to some other ...), aforementioned
  • 自営 【ジエイ】 running one's own business, doing business on one's own, self-employment
  • 出自 【シュツジ】 birthplace, descent, blood-lines, origins, one's outward self
  • 海自 【カイジ】 Maritime Self-Defense Force
  • 自然界 【シゼンカイ】 nature, the natural world, realm of nature
  • 自然 【シゼン】 nature, natural, spontaneous, automatic, naturally, spontaneously, automatically
  • 己がじし 【オノガジシ】 each and every one, individually

Kun reading compounds

  • 自ら 【みずから】 oneself, for one's self, personally
  • 自ら進んで 【みずからすすんで】 by choice, of one's own free will, on one's own initiative, off one's own bat
  • 自ずから 【おのずから】 naturally, as a matter of course
  • 自ずから明らか 【おのずからあきらか】 self-evident
  • 自ずと 【おのずと】 naturally, in due course, by itself

Readings

Japanese names:
より
Chinese:
zi4
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • uno mismo
  • por sí mismo
  • auto-

Portuguese

  • a si próprio

French

  • soi-même
229 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
150 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
134 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
53 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3841 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
60 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
242 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
340 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.19 Japanese for Busy People
62 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
62 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
63 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1587 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4338 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2195 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2954 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
36 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30095 Morohashi
3525 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4900 New Nelson (John Haig)
36 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
36 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
14 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
126 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
879 2001 Kanji
5c1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-2 SKIP code
2600.0 Four corner code
28-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
81ea Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, clarity, acumen, power of vision, nth year in the Meiji era (1868.9.8-1912.7.30)
  • 明暗 【メイアン】 light and darkness, light and shade
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 英明 【エイメイ】 intelligent, wise, bright, brilliant, clear-sighted
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (July 4, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming dynasty (China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明り先 【あかりさき】 source of light
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 light, well-lit, well-lighted, bright (of a colour), brightly-coloured, brightly-colored, cheerful, bright, spirited, sunny (e.g. disposition), encouraging (for the future of a project, etc.), promising, of fair prospects, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), well versed (in), fair (e.g. politics), clean, impartial
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to grow light
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 obvious, evident, clear, plain
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • あくる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge, to disclose, to expose, to prove, to verify

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Chinese:
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code