15 strokes
hard up, destitute, suffer, perplexed, cornered
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1756 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 窮屈 【キュウクツ】 narrow, tight, cramped, formal, stiff, strict, ceremonious, rigid, constrained, uncomfortable, tight (e.g. finances)
  • 究極 【キュウキョク】 ultimate, final, last, eventual
  • 無窮 【ムキュウ】 eternity, infinitude, immortality
  • 天壌無窮 【テンジョウムキュウ】 as eternal as heaven and earth

Kun reading compounds

  • 極める 【きわめる】 to carry to extremes, to go to the end of something, to reach the limits of something, to reach the peak of something (e.g. luxury, hardships, etc), to be extremely (e.g. busy), to investigate thoroughly, to research thoroughly, to master, to understand completely, to exhaust completely, to have nothing left (e.g. to say)
  • 極まる 【きわまる】 to reach an extreme, to reach a limit, to terminate, to come to an end, extremely, to be stuck, to be in a dilemma, to be at a loss, to be decided, to be settled
  • 極まり 【きわまり】 extremity, end, bound, limit
  • 極まりない 【きわまりない】 extremely, in the extreme, knows no bounds (e.g. rudeness), unparalleled, boundless (e.g. universe, ocean), limitless
  • 極み 【きわみ】 height, acme, extremity, peak, end, limit
  • 窮みなき 【きわみなき】 without limit, endless


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • final
  • extremo
  • finalizar
  • acabar
  • llevar al extremo
  • llevar a cabo


  • endurecer
  • destituído
  • sofrer
  • criar obstáculos
  • encurralar


  • extrêmement
  • indigent
  • fauché
  • souffrir
  • perplexe
  • acculé
1152 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1821 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3337 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1259 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1598 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2573 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
897 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
919 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1675 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1457 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2983 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1525 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2078 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1338 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25593 Morohashi
2358 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4212 New Nelson (John Haig)
1326 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1424 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1787 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
752 2001 Kanji
3m12.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-12 SKIP code
2-5-10 SKIP code
3022.7 Four corner code
1-21-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7aae Unicode hex code