Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
Variants:
stiff, hard
Kun:
かた.い
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1101 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 硬 【コウ】 hardness
  • 硬貨 【コウカ】 coin, hard currency
  • 生硬 【セイコウ】 crude, immature, unpolished
  • 超硬 【チョウコウ】 cemented carbide, superhard, ultrahard

Kun reading compounds

  • 硬い 【かたい】 hard, solid, tough, stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing), strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved), safe, steady, honest, steadfast, obstinate, stubborn, bookish, formal, stuffy
  • かたいことは言いっこなし 【かたいことはいいっこなし】 let's put formalities aside, let's not speak so stiffly

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ying4
Korean:
gyeong

Spanish

  • rígido
  • duro
  • firme

Portuguese

  • duro
  • rígido

French

  • dur
  • raide
1260 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1149 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3193 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1598 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
766 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1635 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1009 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1046 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1309 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1403 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1518 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
802 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1095 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
702 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24230 Morohashi
1183 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4008 New Nelson (John Haig)
695 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
750 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1571 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3366 2001 Kanji
5a7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-7 SKIP code
1164.6 Four corner code
1-25-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
786c Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
meat 肉 (⺼)
Parts:
membrane
On:
マク
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1804 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 膜 【マク】 membrane, film
  • 膜厚 【マクアツ】 film thickness, coating thickness
  • 角膜 【カクマク】 cornea
  • 網膜 【モウマク】 retina

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mo4, mo2
Korean:
mag, mo

Spanish

  • membrana

Portuguese

  • membrana

French

  • membrane
1834 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1897 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3803 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1379 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1681 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1426 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1515 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1546 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1042 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1345 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
728 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
974 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
238 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
29808P Morohashi
1062 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4854 New Nelson (John Haig)
233 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
248 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1708 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3963 2001 Kanji
4b10.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-10 SKIP code
7423.4 Four corner code
1-43-76 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
819c Unicode hex code