10 strokes
jade (king) 玉 (王)
pearl, gem, jewel
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1711 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 珠算 【シュザン】 calculation on an abacus
  • 珠玉 【シュギョク】 jewel, gem, gem (of a story, essay, etc.), accomplished work, beautiful piece
  • 遺珠 【イシュ】 unknown literary masterpiece, lost pearl
  • 滄海遺珠 【ソウカイノイシュ】 talented person unbeknownst to the world

Kun reading compounds

  • 玉 【たま】 ball, sphere, globe, orb, bead (of sweat, dew, etc.), drop, droplet, ball (in sports), pile (of noodles, etc.), bullet, bulb (i.e. a light bulb), lens (of glasses, etc.), bead (of an abacus), ball (i.e. a testicle), gem, jewel (esp. spherical; sometimes used figuratively), pearl, female entertainer (e.g. a geisha), person (when commenting on their nature), character, item, funds or person used as part of a plot, egg, okonomiyaki, coin, precious, beautiful, excellent
  • 珠算 【しゅざん】 calculation on an abacus
  • 射干玉 【ぬばたま】 pitch-black, darkness


Japanese names:
す、 とも、 ま、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • perla
  • gema
  • joya


  • pérola
  • gema
  • jóia


  • perle
  • gemme
  • joyau
1349 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1540 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2936 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1585 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1534 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1077 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1504 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1603 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1769 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1317 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1183 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
643 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
854 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
264 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
20956 Morohashi
947 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3637 New Nelson (John Haig)
258 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
274 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1364 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3164 2001 Kanji
4f6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-6 SKIP code
1519.0 Four corner code
1-28-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
73e0 Unicode hex code