13 strokes
water 水 (氵, 氺)
destroy, ruin, overthrow, perish
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1222 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 滅亡 【メツボウ】 downfall, ruin, collapse, destruction
  • 滅罪 【メツザイ】 expiation
  • 隠滅 【インメツ】 destruction (esp. of evidence), spoliation, suppression, hiding, concealment
  • 衰滅 【スイメツ】 decline, downfall, ruin(ation)

Kun reading compounds

  • 滅びる 【ほろびる】 to go to ruin, to go under, to fall, to be destroyed, to die out, to become extinct, to perish
  • 滅ぶ 【ほろぶ】 to be ruined, to go under, to perish, to be destroyed
  • 滅ぼす 【ほろぼす】 to destroy, to overthrow, to wreck, to ruin


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • extinguirse
  • apagarse
  • estropearse
  • ser destruido
  • ser devastado
  • estropear
  • destruir
  • devastar
  • demoler


  • destruir
  • arruinar
  • extinguir
  • golpe


  • anéantir
  • détruire
  • ruiner
  • renverser
  • périr
1848 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1387 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2660 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1228 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1488 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1338 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1421 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1500 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1237 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
812 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
475 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
606 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
371 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18008 Morohashi
660 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3279 New Nelson (John Haig)
365 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
390 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1642 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
359 2001 Kanji
3a10.26 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-10 SKIP code
3315.0 Four corner code
1-44-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6ec5 Unicode hex code