11 strokes
water 水 (氵, 氺)
settle (debt, etc.), relieve (burden), finish, come to an end, excusable, need not
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
168 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 済州 【チェジュ】 Jeju (special self-governing province and island in South Korea)
  • 済州大学 【サイシュウダイガク】 Cheju National University
  • 決済 【ケッサイ】 settlement (of an account), liquidation of debts, payment
  • 弁済 【ベンサイ】 repayment, settlement (of a debt), paying off, reimbursement (of expenses)
  • 済世 【サイセイ】 saving the world, promoting national welfare
  • 済美 【セイビ】 achieving virtue

Kun reading compounds

  • 済む 【すむ】 to finish, to end, to be completed, to merely result in something less severe than expected, to feel at ease, to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone, to be sorry
  • 済まない 【すまない】 inexcusable, unjustifiable, unpardonable, sorry, remorseful, apologetic, conscience-stricken, contrite, excuse me, (I'm) sorry, thank you
  • 済ます 【すます】 to finish, to get it over with, to conclude, to settle, to pay back, to get along (without something), to make do with (without)


Japanese names:
すむ、 なり、 わたる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • ayudar
  • rescatar
  • terminar
  • finalizar
  • acabar
  • concluir
  • reembolsar
  • devolver


  • fim
  • terminar
  • desculpável
  • não necessário


  • achever
  • finir
  • excusable
  • s'en sortir sans
792 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
881 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
871 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
288 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2597 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
536 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
693 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1336 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
549 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
558 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
516 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1208 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
634 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
383 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
478 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1747 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17749 Morohashi
522 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3197 New Nelson (John Haig)
1731 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1868 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
131 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
921 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
354 2001 Kanji
3a8.30 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
3012.4 Four corner code
1-26-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6e08 Unicode hex code