8 strokes
water 水 (氵, 氺)
reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
109 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 治療 【チリョウ】 (medical) treatment, care, therapy, cure, remedy
  • 治安 【ジアン】 Jian era (1021.2.2-1024.7.13)
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 政党政治 【セイトウセイジ】 party politics
  • 治 【チ】 politics, government, administration, rule, peace, medical treatment, cure
  • 治安 【チアン】 public order, public peace, public security, law and order
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 地方自治 【チホウジチ】 local (governmental) autonomy

Kun reading compounds

  • 治める 【おさめる】 to rule, to govern, to reign over, to administer, to manage (e.g. a household), to subdue, to suppress, to quell, to settle (e.g. a dispute)
  • 治まる 【おさまる】 to die down (storm, anger, conflict, etc.), to calm down, to cool off, to abate, to be settled, to be brought under control, to be at peace, to be governed well, to subside (of pain, symptoms, etc.), to be alleviated, to get better, to ease off
  • 治る 【なおる】 to get better, to get well, to recover (from an illness), to be cured, to be restored, to heal
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal


Japanese names:
し、 ぢ、 はり、 はる、 みち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • reinar
  • gobernar
  • política
  • curar
  • calmar
  • curarse


  • reino
  • estar em paz
  • acalmar-se
  • subjugar
  • domar
  • governo
  • cura
  • regra
  • conservar


  • règne
  • être en paix
  • se calmer
  • maîtriser
  • réprimer
  • gouvernement
  • guérir
  • réparer
  • préserver
468 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
527 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
544 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
181 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2528 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
214 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
672 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
825 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
493 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
502 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
531 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1174 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
393 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
250 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
297 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17256 Morohashi
335 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3100 New Nelson (John Haig)
746 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
807 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
88 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
506 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
377 2001 Kanji
3a5.28 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3316.0 Four corner code
1-28-03 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cbb Unicode hex code