7 strokes
water 水 (氵, 氺)
sink, be submerged, subside, be depressed, aloes
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1271 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 沈着 【チンチャク】 composure, calmness, self-possession, presence of mind, depositing (at the bottom), deposition, accumulation, adherence
  • 沈下 【チンカ】 sinking, subsidence
  • 浮沈 【フチン】 floating and sinking, rise and fall, ebb and flow, ups and downs
  • 撃沈 【ゲキチン】 (attacking and) sinking (a ship), sending (a ship) to the bottom
  • 沈香 【ジンコウ】 agarwood, aloeswood, gharuwood, eaglewood, agalloch, agallochum, aquilaria tree, lign aloes
  • 沈香も焚かず屁も放らず 【ジンコウモタカズヘモヒラズ】 having few faults as well as few virtues, not burning agarwood (incense); not passing wind

Kun reading compounds

  • 沈む 【しずむ】 to sink, to go under, to submerge, to go down (e.g. sun), to set, to descend, to feel depressed, to become subdued, to become somber
  • 沈む瀬あれば浮かぶ瀬あり 【しずむせあればうかぶせあり】 life has its ups and downs, he who falls today may rise tomorrow
  • 沈める 【しずめる】 to sink (e.g. a ship), to submerge, to lower (e.g. one's body into a chair), to floor (an opponent)


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chen2, shen3
chim, sim


  • hundido
  • sumergido
  • deprimido
  • desanimado
  • hundirse
  • sumergirse
  • deprimirse
  • desanimarse


  • afundar
  • submergir
  • abaixar
  • deprimir-se
  • aloés


  • couler
  • être submergé
  • s'enfoncer
  • être déprimé
  • aloès
1601 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1319 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2508 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1097 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
668 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
399 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
936 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
964 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1129 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
306 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
195 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
231 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1906 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17189 Morohashi
261 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3069 New Nelson (John Haig)
1888 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2033 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1139 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
357 2001 Kanji
3a4.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
3411.2 Four corner code
1-36-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c88 Unicode hex code