4 strokes
lack, yawn
lack, gap, fail, yawning radical (no. 76)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
860 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 欠 【ケツ】 lack, deficiency, vacancy, absence, non-attendance
  • 欠員 【ケツイン】 vacancy, vacant position
  • 補欠 【ホケツ】 filling a vacancy, supplementation, substitute, deputy, alternate, spare
  • 出欠 【シュッケツ】 attendance or absence
  • 欠缺 【ケンケツ】 lacuna, gap where something is lacked
  • 欠缺利札 【ケンケツリサツ】 invalid coupon
  • 阿毘羅吽欠 【アビラウンケン】 a-bi-ra-un-ken (mantra directed to Vairocana)

Kun reading compounds

  • 欠ける 【かける】 to chip, to be chipped, to break (off), to be damaged, to be missing (from a set, team, etc.), to be absent, to become lost, to be lacking (in), to be short (of), to be deficient, to be wanting (in), to wane (of the moon), to go into eclipse
  • 欠く 【かく】 to chip, to nick, to break, to crack, to lack
  • 欠くことができない 【かくことができない】 indispensable, essential, necessary


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
heum, gam, gyeol


  • falta
  • carestía
  • romperse
  • agrietarse
  • faltar
  • carecer


  • falta
  • intervalo
  • falha


  • manquer
  • lacune
  • rater
  • radical bâillement (no. 76)
597 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
496 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
471 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
968 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2412 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
713 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
647 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
383 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
384 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
659 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1119 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2481 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1255 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1721 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
477 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15991 Morohashi
1987 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2928 New Nelson (John Haig)
466 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
505 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
442 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2562 2001 Kanji
4j0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
2780.2 Four corner code
1-23-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6b20 Unicode hex code