6 strokes
bend, music, melody, composition, pleasure, injustice, fault, curve, crooked, perverse, lean
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
810 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 曲 【キョク】 composition, piece of music, song, track (on a record), tune, melody, air, enjoyment, fun, interest, pleasure
  • 曲折 【キョクセツ】 bending, winding, meandering, zigzagging, ups and downs, twists and turns, complications, difficulties, vicissitudes
  • 歌謡曲 【カヨウキョク】 kayōkyoku, form of Japanese popular music that developed during the Showa era, (Western) pop song
  • 名曲 【メイキョク】 famous piece of music, excellent song, (musical) masterpiece

Kun reading compounds

  • 曲がる 【まがる】 to bend, to curve, to warp, to wind, to twist, to turn, to be awry, to be askew, to be crooked
  • 曲げる 【まげる】 to bend, to crook, to bow, to curve, to curl, to lean, to tilt, to incline, to slant, to bend (the truth), to distort, to twist, to pervert, to yield (a point), to depart (from a principle), to ignore (what one really thinks), to pawn
  • 隈 【くま】 corner, nook, recess, shade, shadow, dark area, dark circles (under the eyes), dark rings, bend (in a road, river, etc.), shading, gradation, kumadori, style of kabuki makeup used for violent roles


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qu3, qu1


  • melodía
  • curva
  • encorvado
  • torcer
  • doblar
  • torcerse
  • girarse


  • tender
  • música
  • melodia
  • composição
  • prazer
  • injustiça
  • falta
  • curva
  • tortuoso
  • perverso
  • inclinar


  • courber
  • musique
  • mélodie
  • composition
  • plaisir
  • injustice
  • faute
  • malhonnête
  • pervers
  • pencher
381 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
279 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
261 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
604 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
103 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
715 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
609 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
327 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
366 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
367 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
625 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
996 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4340 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2197 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2956 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1180 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14280 Morohashi
3527 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2418 New Nelson (John Haig)
1172 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1256 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
264 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1976 2001 Kanji
0a6.27 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-2 SKIP code
5560.0 Four corner code
1-22-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
66f2 Unicode hex code