9 strokes
rap 攴 (攵)
happenstance, especially, intentionally, reason, cause, circumstances, the late, therefore, consequently
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
612 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 故 【コ】 the late, the deceased
  • 殊更 【コトサラ】 intentionally, deliberately, designedly, on purpose, especially, particularly
  • 物故 【ブッコ】 death (of a person)
  • 人身事故 【ジンシンジコ】 accident resulting in personal injury or death (esp. traffic, rail, etc.)

Kun reading compounds

  • 故 【ゆえ】 reason, cause, circumstances
  • 故に 【ゆえに】 therefore, consequently
  • 古い 【ふるい】 old, aged, ancient, antiquated, antique, timeworn, long, since long ago, time-honored, of the distant past, long-ago, stale, threadbare, hackneyed, corny, old-fashioned, outmoded, out-of-date
  • 元 【もと】 former, ex-, past, one-time, earlier times, the past, previous state, formerly, previously, originally, before


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • antiguo
  • intencionadamente
  • excepcional
  • razón
  • difunto
  • causa
  • circunstancias


  • casualidade
  • especialmente
  • intencionalmente
  • razão
  • causa
  • circunstâncias
  • portanto
  • consequentemente


  • coïncidence
  • spécialement
  • intentionnellement
  • raison
  • cause
  • circonstances
  • destin
  • feu ... (défunt)
  • c'est pour ça que...
778 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
694 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
668 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
455 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2044 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
707 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
587 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
880 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
173 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
173 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
722 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
936 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1466 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
778 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1056 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
339 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13161 Morohashi
1141 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2334 New Nelson (John Haig)
333 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
355 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
697 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1566 2001 Kanji
4i5.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-4 SKIP code
4864.0 Four corner code
1-24-46 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6545 Unicode hex code