Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
878 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 恐慌 【キョウコウ】 panic, scare, consternation
  • 恐喝 【キョウカツ】 blackmail, extortion, threat (to extort money)
  • 戦々恐々 【センセンキョウキョウ】 trembling with fear, filled with trepidation
  • 最恐 【サイキョウ】 scariest, most frightening

Kun reading compounds

  • 恐れる 【おそれる】 to fear, to be afraid of
  • 恐る 【おそる】 to fear, to be afraid
  • 恐る恐る 【おそるおそる】 fearfully, timidly, nervously, cautiously, gingerly
  • 恐ろしい 【おそろしい】 terrible, dreadful, terrifying, frightening, surprising, startling, tremendous, amazing
  • 恐ろしい思いをする 【おそろしいおもいをする】 to find oneself fearful, to have an awful time
  • 怖い 【こわい】 scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful
  • 怖いもの見たさ 【こわいものみたさ】 curiosity of fear, urge to look at something frightening, wanting to take a peek at something unpleasant
  • 怖がる 【こわがる】 to be afraid of, to fear, to dread, to be nervous (about), to be shy (of)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kong3
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • miedo
  • temor
  • sobrecogimiento
  • tener miedo
  • temer
  • temible
  • pavoroso
  • espantoso

Portuguese

  • medo
  • temer
  • temor

French

  • peur
  • épouvante
  • crainte
1167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
951 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1685 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1163 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
537 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1602 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1709 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
759 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
780 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3283 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1696 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2306 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
620 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10552X Morohashi
2650 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1853 New Nelson (John Haig)
613 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
660 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
497 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1330 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3158 2001 Kanji
4k6.19 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-4 SKIP code
1733.1 Four corner code
1-22-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6050 Unicode hex code

17 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
shrink, contract, shrivel, wrinkle, reduce
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
909 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 縮 【シュク】 wearing armour (armor), counter for suits of armour
  • 縮小 【シュクショウ】 reduction, curtailment
  • 凝縮 【ギョウシュク】 condensation (of ideas, emotions, etc.), condensation (of a vapour or gas)
  • 濃縮 【ノウシュク】 concentration (e.g. of a solution), enrichment, condensation

Kun reading compounds

  • 縮む 【ちぢむ】 to shrink, to contract, to diminish (in size)
  • 縮まる 【ちぢまる】 to shorten, to narrow, to close, to shrink
  • 縮める 【ちぢめる】 to shorten, to reduce, to condense, to shrink, to crumple (fabric), to wrinkle, to make (one's body) smaller, to draw in (one's legs), to duck (one's head)
  • 縮れる 【ちぢれる】 to be wavy, to be curled, to be frizzled
  • 縮らす 【ちぢらす】 to curl, to crimp

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
suo1, su4
Korean:
chug

Spanish

  • acortar
  • reducir
  • restringir
  • encoger
  • contraerse
  • estar rizado
  • rizar

Portuguese

  • encolher
  • contrair
  • enrugar
  • ruga
  • reduzir

French

  • rétrécir
  • contracter
  • raccourcir
  • friser
  • réduire
904 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
893 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
924 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3608 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1142 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1646 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2813 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1110 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1162 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
884 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1558 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1790 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
955 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1290 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1348 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27815 Morohashi
1414 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4585 New Nelson (John Haig)
1336 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1434 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
999 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2778 2001 Kanji
6a11.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-11 SKIP code
2396.1 Four corner code
1-29-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7e2e Unicode hex code