8 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
dreadful, be frightened, fearful
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
1325 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 畏怖 【イフ】 awe, fear, dread, fright
  • 死の恐怖 【シノキョウフ】 fear of death

Kun reading compounds

  • 怖い 【こわい】 scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful
  • 怖い顔 【こわいかお】 grim face, angry look
  • 怖がる 【こわがる】 to be afraid (of), to fear, to be frightened (of), to be scared (of), to worry (about)
  • 怖じる 【おじる】 to be scared
  • 恐れる 【おそれる】 to fear, to be afraid of


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • temor
  • miedo
  • estar asustado


  • terrível
  • assustar-se
  • medroso


  • effrayant
  • affreux
  • épouvantable
  • faire peur
1749 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1593 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1662 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1784 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
534 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1814 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1959 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1451 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
810 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
353 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
219 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
263 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
630 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10450 Morohashi
296 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1817 New Nelson (John Haig)
623 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
670 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1173 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1144 2001 Kanji
4k5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
9402.7 Four corner code
1-41-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6016 Unicode hex code