5 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
invariably, certain, inevitable
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
265 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 必 【ヒツ】 definiteness, certainty
  • 必要 【ヒツヨウ】 necessary, needed, essential, indispensable, necessity, need, requirement

Kun reading compounds

  • 必ず 【かならず】 always, without exception, necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably
  • 必ずしも 【かならずしも】 (not) always, (not) necessarily, (not) entirely, (not) all


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • sin falta
  • necesariamente
  • inevitable
  • ciertamente


  • invariavelmente
  • inevitável
  • certo


  • nécessairement
  • certain
  • inévitable
  • invariablement
497 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
597 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
568 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
292 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
129 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
281 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
526 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
120 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.16 Japanese for Busy People
520 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
529 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
423 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
767 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
15 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
642 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10299 Morohashi
15 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1781 New Nelson (John Haig)
635 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
685 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
188 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
453 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
359 2001 Kanji
0a5.16 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-4 SKIP code
4-5-4 SKIP code
3300.0 Four corner code
1-41-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fc5 Unicode hex code