8 strokes
woman, female
commence, begin
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
244 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 始発 【シハツ】 first departure (of the day), first train, first bus, departing one's home station (of a train, bus, etc.)
  • 始業 【シギョウ】 start of work, commencement, opening
  • 年始 【ネンシ】 beginning of the year, new year, New Year's call, New Year's greetings
  • 創始 【ソウシ】 creation, founding, initiating

Kun reading compounds

  • 始める 【はじめる】 to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate, to start up (a business, society, etc.), to open (e.g. a store), to establish, to start ..., to begin to ...
  • 始まる 【はじまる】 to begin, to start, to commence, to happen (again), to begin (anew), to date (from), to originate (in)


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • comenzar
  • empezar
  • empezar (trans.)
  • empezar (intrans.)


  • iniciar
  • começar


  • commencer
  • débuter
225 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
304 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
288 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
465 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1208 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
545 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
155 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1092 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
494 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
503 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
129 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
439 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
335 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
252 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
755 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6166 Morohashi
281 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1203 New Nelson (John Haig)
747 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
809 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
321 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
299 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1777 2001 Kanji
3e5.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
4346.0 Four corner code
1-27-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
59cb Unicode hex code