4 strokes
big, very
heavens, sky, imperial
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
512 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 天 【テン】 sky, heaven, God, svarga (heaven-like realm visited as a stage of death and rebirth), deva (divine being of Buddhism), top (of a book), sole (of a Japanese sandal), beginning, start, tempura, India
  • 天下 【テンカ】 the whole world, the whole country, society, the public, supremacy over a nation, government of a country, the ruling power, having one's own way, doing as one pleases, peerless, incomparable, superlative, world-famous, shogun (Edo period)
  • 炎天 【エンテン】 blazing heat, scorching sun
  • 楽天 【ラクテン】 optimism

Kun reading compounds

  • 天津 【あまつ】 heavenly, imperial
  • 天津乙女 【あまつおとめ】 celestial maiden
  • 天 【あめ】 sky
  • 天地 【てんち】 heaven and earth, the universe, the world, nature, land, world, realm, sphere, top and bottom, gods of heaven and earth


Japanese names:
あき、 あも、 た、 たかし、 て、 なま
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • paraíso
  • cielo
  • imperial


  • paraíso
  • ceú
  • imperiais


  • cieux
  • ciel
  • impérial
119 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
67 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
58 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
364 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
16 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
78 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
41 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
93 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
141 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
141 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
462 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
410 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4250 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2148 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2898 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
435 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5833 Morohashi
3442 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1138 New Nelson (John Haig)
428 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
457 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
277 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
34 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3163 2001 Kanji
0a4.21 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-1 SKIP code
1043.0 Four corner code
1-37-23 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5929 Unicode hex code