Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
Variants:
hillock, mound
Kun:
つか-づか
On:
チョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
869 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 円塚 【マルヅカ】 round burial mound

Kun reading compounds

  • 塚 【つか】 mound, heap, hillock, burial mound, tomb, tumulus, barrow, gravesite, standing stone, stone signpost, roadside stone statue
  • 塚穴 【つかあな】 grave
  • 高塚 【たかつか】 tumulus, burial mound

Readings

Japanese names:
ずか、 つ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong3
Korean:
chong

Spanish

  • altozano
  • montículo

Portuguese

  • morro
  • monte

French

  • butte
  • tertre
  • borne
  • tombe
1607 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
782 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1104 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1163 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1844 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1751 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1875 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1889 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
381 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
675 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
406 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
509 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1048 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5345 Morohashi
556 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1048 New Nelson (John Haig)
1039 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1117 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1515 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1451 2001 Kanji
3b9.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
4713.2 Four corner code
1-36-45 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
585a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
run 走 (赱)
Parts:
surpass, cross over, move to, exceed, Vietnam
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
897 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 越 【エツ】 Yue (kingdom in ancient China; 6th C-334 BCE), Vietnam
  • 越年 【エツネン】 seeing the old year out, greeting the New Year, passing the winter, hibernation, playing more than the usual 12 rounds in one game
  • 優越 【ユウエツ】 supremacy, predominance, being superior to
  • 卓越 【タクエツ】 preeminence, excellence, superiority, transcendence
  • 越年 【エツネン】 seeing the old year out, greeting the New Year, passing the winter, hibernation, playing more than the usual 12 rounds in one game
  • 越年蝶 【オツネンチョウ】 eastern pale clouded yellow (butterfly, Colias erate)
  • 檀越 【ダンオツ】 alms-giver, person who donates to a monk or a temple, dana-pati

Kun reading compounds

  • 越す 【こす】 to cross over (e.g. mountain), to go across, to get over (e.g. hardship), to pass time (e.g. a winter), to surpass, to be better than, to exceed, to move house, to go, to come
  • 越える 【こえる】 to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of), to go beyond, to go past, to exceed, to surpass, to be more (than)

Readings

Japanese names:
えち、 えっ、 お、 こえ、 こし、 ごえ、 ごし、 ごや
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yue4
Korean:
weol, hwal

Spanish

  • sobrepasar
  • cruzar
  • exceder
  • moverse

Portuguese

  • superar
  • exceder
  • Vietnã

French

  • doubler
  • traverser
  • muter
  • surpasser
  • Vietnam
1021 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
529 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4542 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1021 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
934 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2052 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1001 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1038 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1073 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1756 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4108 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2085 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2825 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
393 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
37110 Morohashi
3314 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5851 New Nelson (John Haig)
387 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
413 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1588 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1470 2001 Kanji
4n8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-7-5 SKIP code
4380.5 Four corner code
1-17-59 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8d8a Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
Variants:
intelligent, wise, wisdom, cleverness
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1159 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 賢 【ケン】 intelligence, genius, scholarship, virtue
  • 賢明 【ケンメイ】 wise, sensible, well-advised, intelligent, sagacious, prudent
  • 遺賢 【イケン】 able men left out of office
  • 聖賢 【セイケン】 saints and sages

Kun reading compounds

  • 賢い 【かしこい】 wise, clever, smart, well-behaved (esp. children and pets), obedient, good

Readings

Japanese names:
かた、 さか、 さと、 さとし、 たか、 たて、 のり、 まこと、 まさ、 まさる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian2
Korean:
hyeon

Spanish

  • inteligente
  • sabio
  • ingenioso

Portuguese

  • sábio
  • inteligente
  • sabedoria
  • inteligência

French

  • intelligent
  • sage
  • sagesse
1221 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1488 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4517 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1072 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
931 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2579 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1288 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1362 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1227 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1740 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3518 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1817 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2472 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
860 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36822 Morohashi
2839 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5816 New Nelson (John Haig)
852 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
915 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1855 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3461 2001 Kanji
7b9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-9-7 SKIP code
2-8-7 SKIP code
7780.6 Four corner code
1-24-13 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ce2 Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mix, twine, cross
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 自今 【ジコン】 from now on, hereafter
  • 爾後 【ジゴ】 thereafter
  • 卒爾 【ソツジ】 abrupt, sudden
  • 徒爾 【トジ】 uselessness

Kun reading compounds

  • 汝 【なんじ】 thou, you
  • 然り 【しかり】 yes, yea, aye, affirmative, to be so
  • 爾 【おれ】 you
  • 然 【しか】 like that, as such, yeah, uh-huh
  • 然り 【しかり】 yes, yea, aye, affirmative, to be so

Readings

Japanese names:
ちか、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
er3
Korean:
i

Spanish

  • eso
  • cerca

Portuguese

French

69 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1945 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
2250 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2154 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
4407 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2230 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3001 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
19750 Morohashi
3587 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3521 New Nelson (John Haig)
2074 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2867 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
0a14.3 The Kanji Dictionary
4-14-1 SKIP code
1022.7 Four corner code
1-28-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
723e Unicode hex code