Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 根堅州国 【ねのかたすくに】 underworld, netherworld

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Chinese:
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
waiter, samurai, wait upon, serve
Kun:
さむらいはべ.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1939 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 侍従 【ジジュウ】 chamberlain
  • 侍医 【ジイ】 court physician
  • 内侍 【ナイシ】 maid of honor, maid of honour
  • 陪侍 【バイジ】 retainer, attending on the nobility
  • 内侍 【ナイシ】 maid of honor, maid of honour

Kun reading compounds

  • 侍 【さむらい】 warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period), samurai, man in attendance (on a person of high standing), retainer
  • 侍蟻 【さむらいあり】 Polyergus samurai (species of amazon ant)
  • 二四六九士 【にしむくさむらい】 mnemonic for remembering the months with fewer than 31 days (ni, shi, mu, ku, etc.)
  • 侍る 【はべる】 to wait upon, to serve

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ
Chinese:
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • sirviente
  • criado
  • samurai

Portuguese

  • garçom
  • samurai
  • esperar sobre
  • servir

French

  • serviteur
  • samouraï
  • servir
1326 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1823 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
427 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1446 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1046 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
559 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
571 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
580 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1878 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
90 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
94 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
62 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
66 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
985 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
589 Morohashi
85 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
192 New Nelson (John Haig)
976 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1050 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1150 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2148 2001 Kanji
2a6.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-6 SKIP code
2424.1 Four corner code
27-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f8d Unicode hex code