11 strokes
mouth, opening
make a deal, selling, dealing in, merchant
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
413 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 商 【ショウ】 quotient, business, merchant, dealer, second degree (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale), Shang dynasty (of China; approx. 1600-1046 BCE), Yin dynasty
  • 商会 【ショウカイ】 firm, company
  • 年商 【ネンショウ】 yearly (annual) turnover
  • 画商 【ガショウ】 picture dealer, commercial art gallery

Kun reading compounds

  • 商う 【あきなう】 to trade in (commercial goods), to deal in, to sell


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • trato
  • negociación
  • vender
  • tratar con


  • Fazer um acordo
  • vender
  • comerciante


  • commerce
  • affaire
  • vente
  • distributeur
  • marchand
431 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
333 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
317 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
353 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
321 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
293 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
414 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1526 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
412 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
418 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
684 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
330 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2623 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1341 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1818 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
446 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3803 Morohashi
2116 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
832 New Nelson (John Haig)
439 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
471 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
375 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
375 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
449 2001 Kanji
2j9.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-9 SKIP code
3-8-3 SKIP code
2-4-7 SKIP code
3-6-5 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
1-30-06 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5546 Unicode hex code