8 strokes
nonplussed, three (in documents), going, coming, visiting, visit, be defeated, die, be madly in love, participate, take part in
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
201 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 三 【サン】 three, 3
  • 参院 【サンイン】 House of Councillors (upper house of the National Diet of Japan)
  • 日参 【ニッサン】 daily visit to a temple or shrine (to worship), visiting frequently, visiting daily
  • 推参 【スイサン】 paying an unannounced visit, rudeness
  • 参 【シン】 Chinese "Three Stars" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
  • 参差 【シンシ】 of uneven heights or lengths

Kun reading compounds

  • 参る 【まいる】 to go, to come, to call, to be defeated, to collapse, to die, to be annoyed, to be nonplussed, to be madly in love, to visit (shrine, grave)


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
can1, cen1, shen1
sam, cham


  • visita
  • asistencia
  • consulta
  • derrota
  • ir
  • venir
  • visitar [humilde]
  • asistir
  • ser derrotado


  • confuso
  • visitando
  • visitar
  • derrotar
  • dados
  • apaixonados


  • dérouté
  • déconcerté
  • trois (III)
  • aller
  • venir
  • visiter
  • être battu
  • mourir
  • follement amoureux
616 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
517 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
490 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
392 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
850 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
514 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
389 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
978 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
710 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
723 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
294 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
263 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2563 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1308 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1778 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1736 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3090 Morohashi
2066 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
666 New Nelson (John Haig)
1720 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1856 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
350 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
505 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2760 2001 Kanji
3j5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-6 SKIP code
2320.2 Four corner code
1-27-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53c2 Unicode hex code