12 strokes
power, force
diligence, become employed, serve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
830 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 勤勉 【キンベン】 diligent, hard-working, industrious
  • 勤続 【キンゾク】 continuous service
  • 非常勤 【ヒジョウキン】 part-time work
  • 常勤 【ジョウキン】 full-time employment
  • 勤行 【ゴンギョウ】 religious service
  • 勤行時報係 【ゴンギョウジホウガカリ】 muezzin

Kun reading compounds

  • 勤める 【つとめる】 to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in), to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of), to conduct a religious service
  • 務まる 【つとまる】 to be fit (for a role), to be qualified (for), to be equal (to a task), to be able to fulfill one's duties (as)
  • 勤しむ 【いそしむ】 to work hard at, to devote oneself to, to be diligent in


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • tarea
  • trabajo
  • deber
  • servicio diario
  • servir
  • desempeñar un cargo
  • ser adecuado para


  • diligência
  • tornar-se empregado
  • servir


  • assiduité
  • application
  • travailler
  • être employé
762 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
853 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
842 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
750 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
732 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
726 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
376 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1698 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.10 Japanese for Busy People
559 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
568 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
525 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
223 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2287 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1182 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1613 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1591 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2415P Morohashi
1818 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
552 New Nelson (John Haig)
1577 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1700 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
941 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1945 2001 Kanji
2g10.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-10-2 SKIP code
4412.7 Four corner code
1-22-48 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
52e4 Unicode hex code