Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
plane, sharpen, whittle, pare, shave
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
814 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 削 【サク】 plane, sharpen, whittle, pare, shave (leather), scrape off, crossout, reduce, curtail
  • 削減 【サクゲン】 cut, reduction, curtailment
  • 掘削 【クッサク】 digging out, excavation
  • 開削 【カイサク】 excavation, cutting, digging

Kun reading compounds

  • 削る 【けずる】 to shave (wood, leather, etc.), to sharpen (e.g. pencil), to plane, to whittle, to pare, to scrape off, to erode, to cut down (budget, expenses, staff, time, etc.), to curtail, to reduce, to delete, to erase, to remove, to cross out, to strike out
  • 削る 【はつる】 to shave off (esp. concrete), to take a percentage, to take a cut
  • 削ぐ 【そぐ】 to chip (off), to shave (off), to slice (off), to sharpen, to dampen (e.g. enthusiasm), to discourage, to weaken, to reduce

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xue1, xiao1, xue4
Korean:
sag

Spanish

  • cepillo
  • cepillar
  • tallar
  • modelar

Portuguese

  • Avião
  • afiar
  • descascar
  • aparar

French

  • raboter
  • tailler
  • affiler
  • réduire
  • parer
  • supprimer
1298 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1453 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
690 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1164 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1092 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1611 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1718 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1320 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
195 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1837 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
972 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1316 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
119 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2000X Morohashi
1448 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
488 New Nelson (John Haig)
118 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
124 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1233 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1043 2001 Kanji
2f7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-2 SKIP code
9220.0 Four corner code
1-26-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
dwindle, decrease, reduce, decline, curtail, get hungry
Kun:
へ.るへ.らす
On:
ゲン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
261 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 減 【ゲン】 reduction, decrease, subtraction, reduction of penalty (under the ritsuryō codes)
  • 減員 【ゲンイン】 reduction of staff
  • 増減 【ゾウゲン】 increase and decrease, fluctuation
  • 軽減 【ケイゲン】 abatement, reduction

Kun reading compounds

  • 減る 【へる】 to decrease (in size or number), to diminish, to abate
  • 減るもんじゃない 【へるもんじゃない】 it's no big deal, it's nothing to fret about, it's not like it's the end of the world
  • 減らす 【へらす】 to abate, to decrease, to diminish, to shorten

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jian3
Korean:
gam

Spanish

  • menguar
  • decrecer
  • disminuir
  • resta
  • acortar

Portuguese

  • definhar
  • decréscimo
  • reduzir
  • decadência
  • encurtar
  • obter
  • com fome

French

  • diminuer
  • réduire
  • décliner
  • décroître
  • avoir faim
775 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
693 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
667 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
533 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2637 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
610 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
694 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
715 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
728 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
430 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1219 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
733 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
436 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
548 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
372 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17759 Morohashi
601 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3249 New Nelson (John Haig)
366 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
391 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
753 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
359 2001 Kanji
3a9.37 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
3315.0 Four corner code
1-24-26 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6e1b Unicode hex code