10 strokes
frozen, congeal, refrigerate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1284 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 凍結 【トウケツ】 freezing (e.g. water), freezing (prices, wages, assets, etc.), moratorium, suspension (e.g. investment)
  • 凍死 【トウシ】 death from cold, freezing to death
  • 解凍 【カイトウ】 thawing, defrosting, decompression (of data), extraction, unpacking, unzipping
  • 自動解凍 【ジドウカイトウ】 self-extracting (file)

Kun reading compounds

  • 凍る 【こおる】 to freeze, to become frozen, to freeze over
  • 凍える 【こごえる】 to freeze (of one's body), to be frozen, to become numb (with cold), to be chilled
  • 凍てる 【いてる】 to freeze, to freeze over
  • 凍みる 【しみる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • helado
  • congelado
  • helar
  • congelarse
  • helarse
  • entumecerse


  • congelado
  • congelar
  • refrigerar


  • gelé
  • congeler
  • réfrigérer
1644 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1274 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
649 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1435 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
349 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1205 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1268 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1094 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
168 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
146 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
97 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
111 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
518 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1670 Morohashi
129 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
427 New Nelson (John Haig)
506 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
545 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1309 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
2b8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-8 SKIP code
3519.6 Four corner code
1-37-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51cd Unicode hex code