4 strokes
public, prince, official, governmental
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
118 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 公 【コウ】 public affair, government matter, the state, the government, the public, duke, prince, Sir, Lord, familiar or derogatory suffix
  • 公安 【コウアン】 public safety, public welfare
  • 王侯 【オウコウ】 king and princes, noble rank
  • 大公 【タイコウ】 archduke
  • 公家 【クゲ】 court noble, nobility, kuge, Imperial Court
  • 公廨 【クガイ】 government office
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period

Kun reading compounds

  • 公 【おおやけ】 official, governmental, formal, public (use, matter, forum, etc.), common, being public knowledge, being out in the open, exposure to public view
  • 公所 【おおやけどころ】 imperial court, government office, imperial land, government land


Japanese names:
あきら、 き、 きみ、 きん、 たか、 ただし、 とも、 ひろ、 まさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • público
  • imparcial
  • oficial


  • público
  • príncipe
  • oficial
  • governamental


  • public
  • prince
  • officiel
  • gouvernemental
210 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
277 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
122 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
579 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
219 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
341 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
156 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
126 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
126 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
152 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1249 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1715 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
792 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1452 Morohashi
1974 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
372 New Nelson (John Haig)
784 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
847 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
212 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
92 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2071 2001 Kanji
2o2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8073.0 Four corner code
8073.2 Four corner code
1-24-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
516c Unicode hex code